Kishu Mandarin Fruit Overview
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Kishu Mandarin

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The Most Delicious Mandarin You'll Ever Taste

  • Exceptional Fruit
  • Early Ripening
  • Small, Easily Peeled Fruit

Any gardener will tell you that fruit you grow yourself is better than fruit you buy at the store. They will also tell you that fruit that you grow that isn't available in the market tastes even better! Adorable and irresistible, the Kishu Seedless Mandarin is one of the most delicious of all the mandarins. The fruit is smaller than a golf ball but super easy to peel, tender and juicy on the tongue, and fragrant and sweet to the nose.

All of these qualities make for a fantastic home-grown fruit, but a difficult one to grow commercially. Until recently it was a challenge to find - even at farmers markets - but the fruits are becoming more readily available, thanks to small groves.

Thankfully you don't have to wait until this delicious fruit comes to your local market - you can grow your own today! If you live in a citrus friendly area, or even if you have a large pot and a sunny window, you can grow this delightful fruit for yourself.

You'll be an instant hit with your neighbors and at your local farmers market, but only if you order yours today!

Buying Options for Plants

Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.

Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!

Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.

  • Popular sizes of select trees are 1 foot, 2 feet, 3 feet, etc.
  • Popular sizes of select bare root plants is 1 foot, 18 inches, etc.

Nature Hills Container Size by Volume

Young Plants to 18 Months
Size Volume
2"x2"x3" Ranges from .18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume
4.5" Container Equal to .65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume
Sprinter Pot Equal to .63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume
4" Container Ranges from .31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume
6" Container Equal to 1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume
1 Quart Equal to 1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume
5.5" Container Equal to 1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x5" Ranges from .8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x6" Ranges from 1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x9" Ranges from 1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x10" Ranges from 1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume
Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old
Size Volume
2 Quart Equal to 2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume
#1 Container Ranges from 2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume
5"x5"x12" Equal to 3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume
Plants 2 - 4 Years Old
Size Volume
#2 Container Ranges from 1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume
#3 Container Ranges from 2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume
Plants 3 - 5 Years Old
Size Volume
#5 Container Ranges from 2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume
#7 Container Ranges from 5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume

About Plant Sentry™

Plant Sentry is designed to protect both consumers and the nursery trade from invasive plant pests and diseases. Sites that display the Plant Sentry protection badge are protected from consumers buying and nurseries shipping material carrying invasive pests and diseases.

This proprietary eCommerce software prevents the shipment of a restricted plant to each state. The Plant Sentry system includes a shipment certification program. The Plant Sentry Compliance Officer works closely with and each nursery or fulfillment center to ensure only compliant plants are sold to customers.

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To obtain a more accurate shipment time-frame, simply enter your zip code in the “Find Your Growing Zone” box to the right. Our plants are grown all over the country and lead time on items may be different because of this. Once your order is placed, you will also receive the specific shipment time-frame information as part of your order confirmation. Once an item ships, you will receive shipment notification and tracking numbers, so you can follow along while your plant travels to your doorstep.

Shipping Rates

At Nature Hills we handle, package and ship the products you order with the utmost care to ensure healthy delivery. Shipping and handling charges are calculated based on the tables below. Please note that some items include an additional handling surcharge, these will be noted on the item's product page.

From To S&H
0 - 19.99 14.95
20 - 49.99 17.95
50 - 69.99 19.95
70 - 99.99 24.95
100 - 129.99 29.95
130 - 130+ Approx 25%

Click here to see our full rates

Kishu Mandarin Loved for Two Thousand Years

The Kishu Mandarin is a small citrus fruit with an enormous history. Packed with flavor and convenience, the fruit has lasted as a favorite of both the Chinese and the Japanese for almost two thousand years.

Known by a variety of different names, the Kishu first is described during the Tang dynasty around (618 to 907 AD). Then called the Ruju, the fruit is a seeded selection with outstanding flavor; by the era of the Song dynasty (960 to 1279) it is hailed as one of the finest of Mandarins. DNA has shown the modern day Kishu and the Ruju, or Nanfengmiju as it is referred to today, to be very similar. It is currently one of the most widely grown Mandarins in China.

Arriving in Japan around 700 years ago, the Cherry Orange as it was called, began to be cultivated and was soon referred to as the Japanese Orange. By the 16th century, the Kishu domain, a location in the southern part of Japan, was the prime region for the Japanese Orange and most likely the origin of the varieties name. Kishu is said to be one of the most popular citrus varieties in Japan until the 1880's, with the introduction of the Satsuma Mandarin. At this time, at least 4 varieties of Kishus are known, with 4 being seeded and 1 being seedless.

It wasn't until the early 1900's that seed began to arrive in the United States. The Mukaku Kishu seeds, a highly prized, low seeded, Japanese selection, was brought to California in 1915. Once fruited, it is determined that the fruit is too small and not suited for commercial cultivation. There are recommendations made that the variety is suited for home garden as early as 1902, but the Kishu Mandarin would not be looked at again until the 1990's.

In the early 1980's, bud wood for the Seedless Kishu arrive at UC Riverside's Citrus Variety Collection. Once fruited the selection fast becomes a favorite of the UC Riverside Staff. The fine flavor, the ease of peeling and the small snack size fruit were all exciting features to the UC Staff. The fact that it was earlier than the most popular Satsuma Mandarin only added to its potential.

Finally, in 1987, a commercial grower in Ojai, California planted the first seedless Kishu orchard. The fruit was an immediate hit at farmers markets. The demand grows quickly, attracting 5 or more growers to plant as well. In the late 1990's, the Four Winds Growers of Fremont, California begin offering the low seeded Kishu to the home garden market. The variety is slow to catch on at first, but with the help of commercial exposure, demand begins to grow.

Today, the low Seeded and Seedless varieties are both offered, with some preferring the seeded claiming a more intense flavor. In either case, the Kishu Mandarin is now a much appreciated, early season fruit, and will continue to grow in popularity based on the attributes that have made it popular for the last two thousand years.


Kishu Mandarin Is Suited to Grow in Zones Outdoors 9-10; Patio 4-10
Growing Zones Outdoors 9-10; Patio 4-10
More Information
Botanical Name Citrus kinokuni mukakukishu
Mature Height 8 - 10 feet
Soil Type Well Drained
Moisture Moderate
Growth Rate Medium
Flower Color White
Foliage Green
Pollinator Friendly Yes

Notice On Shipping Citrus: Agricultural Laws Prevent Us From Shipping Citrus Trees Into AZ, FL, LA, or TX.