Conifers are more than just Christmas trees. They make up some of the most popular trees and shrubs in home landscapes in the US, and for good reason. Conifers are beautiful evergreens and they grow in every state. They don’t need pruning to maintain their classic shapes. They are extremely versatile and can be used as ground cover, shrubs, foundation plantings, specimen tree plantings and even as large hedges.
You can recognize a conifer by its needle-like leaves and by the cones it produces – hence the name. The cones range in sizes from thumb-size to over a foot long and are often used for decoration.
Conifers require full sun to thrive. Most conifers require a great deal of water when first planted to establish themselves, but once established are tolerant of the harshest climates. They can be low and shrubby like a Carpet Pine or grow to hundreds of feet tall like a Giant Sequoia. They can also live longer than any other tree. The oldest trees in the US are conifers.
There is a perfect conifer for any situation in your landscape and they mix easily with other garden plantings. Pick well and you’ll have a carefree garden for life.