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Clementine Mandarin Overview
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Clementine Mandarin Orange Tree

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A Small, Very Sweet, Easy to Peel Mandarin

The Clementine Mandarin Orange is the smallest of the Mandarins. A cross between a sweet orange and a Chinese Mandarin they are small, usually seedless and very sweet.

This small Mandarin is an excellent eating orange. The peel is smooth, bright orange, and easy to peel. The deep orange fruit can be easily separated into numerous segments and are almost always seedless, with less acid than oranges.

They are sometimes hard to find fresh because canners buy them up quickly. However the flavor of the fresh fruit is much better than the canned. Now you won’t have to worry about the availability when you can pick them from your own tree.

The Clementine is an early season Mandarin whose fruit will stay on the tree for months. 

The tree is a beautiful evergreen and the fruit makes it very ornamental. In warmer zones they can be planted in the yard and would make the loveliest of privacy screens, or plant one as a focal point in your garden.

In colder climates they do well in containers as a patio plant. Keep it on your patio, deck or sunroom and enjoy this happy little tree in the warmer months then bring it inside before the first frost. Imagine being the only person in your neighborhood to grow your own oranges!

* Seedless
* Less Acid Than Oranges
* Easy to Peel
* Grow Indoors & Out 


Buying Options for Plants

Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.

Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!

Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.

  • Popular sizes of select trees are 1 foot, 2 feet, 3 feet, etc.
  • Popular sizes of select bare root plants is 1 foot, 18 inches, etc.

Nature Hills Container Size by Volume

Young Plants to 18 Months
Size Volume
2"x2"x3" Ranges from .18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume
4.5" Container Equal to .655 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume
3.5" Container Equal to .67 dry quart / .74 dry liter in volume
4" Container Equal to .87 dry quart / .96 dry liter in volume
1 Quart Equal to 1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume
5.5" Container Equal to 1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x5" Ranges from .8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x6" Ranges from 1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x9" Ranges from 1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x10" Ranges from 1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume
Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old
Size Volume
2 Quart Equal to 2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume
#1 Container Ranges from 2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume
5"x5"x12" Equal to 3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume
Plants 2 - 4 Years Old
Size Volume
#2 Container Ranges from 1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume
#3 Container Ranges from 2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume
Plants 3 - 5 Years Old
Size Volume
#5 Container Ranges from 2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume
#7 Container Ranges from 5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume

About Plant Sentry™

Plant Sentry is designed to protect both consumers and the nursery trade from invasive plant pests and diseases. Sites that display the Plant Sentry protection badge are protected from consumers buying and nurseries shipping material carrying invasive pests and diseases.

This proprietary eCommerce software prevents the shipment of a restricted plant to each state. The Plant Sentry system includes a shipment certification program. The Plant Sentry Compliance Officer works closely with NatureHills.com and each nursery or fulfillment center to ensure only compliant plants are sold to customers.

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Convenient, Delicious Clementine Mandarin

The Clementine Mandarin has a long-debated history, the story being the several different possible origins of this most unique selection. No one can deny that the current impact of the Clementine in modern marketing has had a tremendous impact on the on the popularity of all Mandarins today.

The Clementine Mandarin story for many years was thought to begin in the late 19th century. It is told that one of several seeds planted by Father Clement Rodier in his orphanage garden in Peres du Saint-Esprit at Misserghin near Oran, Algiers. This resulted in a unique but wonderful variety of Mandarin.

In 1902, the French botanist Louis Charles Trabut, renowned for his work with plants from Algeria and Tunisia, selected a few of the unique seedlings, which at that time he thought to be a cross between the very common Mediterranean Mandarin and a Willow-leafed citrus, Citrus aurantium, a Bitter or Sour Orange variety. Talbut cited his seedling selections as being important Mandarins of Algerian origin. One of Trabut's selections was named Clementine by the Horticultural Society of Algiers, in honor of Father Clement Rodier.

By the mid-20th century, Trabut's suggested cross of Mediterranean Mandarin with Willow Leaf Sour orange were being challenged, as well as the origin of the variety. By 1963, H. Chapot, the distinguished French Citrus Systematist who studied classifications of citrus varieties, had identified the Clementine as being identical to the Canton Mandarins widely grown in the Guangxi and Guangdong provinces of China. He suggested at the time that the Clementine was most likely of Asian origin.

More recent DNA research has shown the Clementine to be a cross of the Mediterranean willowleaf Mandarin (Citrus x deliciosa) and some unknown sweet orange variety (Citrus x sinensis).

Introduced into the United States, it was first brought to Florida in 1909 and then to California in 1914. Immediately recognized for being seedless and early ripening, with the harvest most often beginning in November, the Clementine was quickly embraced by growers.

But the Clementine would prove to have challenges in growing. Farmers would work to overcome these and at the same time the qualities of the Clementine were sought after by hybridizers looking for the seedless and early ripening qualities to include in their crosses. It is the parent variety of many of the most popular modern Mandarin hybrids today.

But the Clementine would prove to have challenges in growing. Farmers would work to overcome these and at the same time the qualities of the Clementine were sought after by hybridizers looking for the seedless and early ripening qualities to include in their crosses. It is the parent variety of many of the most popular modern Mandarin hybrids today.

Due to this influence, Mandarins are fast becoming the most popular of the sweet citrus sold and the most popular of the citrus planted in the home garden.

PLANT HIGHLIGHTS

Clementine Mandarin Orange Tree Is Suited to Grow in Zones 9-11 (Patio 4-11)
Growing Zones 9-11 (Patio 4-11)
More Information
Brand Nature Hills Nursery
Botanical Name Citrus reticulata 'Clementine'
Foliage Green
Mature Height 8 - 10 feet
Mature Spread 3 - 4 feet
Soil Type Moderate
Sun Exposure Full Sun
Growth Rate Medium