For a wonderful flowering and fruiting display in the landscape, the versatile York Elderberry, (Sambucus canadensis York') is hard to beat. Feed the birds, or cook the large, purplish-black berries down for your family. It grows into a beautiful, informal hedge that requires very little care.
York is an American native variety, unlike the European Elderberries, Sambucus nigra. York has been an important variety and staple medicine of Native American Indians, early explorers and settlers and finally in today's modern landscapes.
Elderberries have been a highly regarded plant and food source. Include them in your edible landscape, or to feed songbirds and butterflies in your garden. Pretty springtime flowers and early fall fruiting display add wonderful visual interest to the landscape.
In early summer, York Elderberry will produce the most amazingly huge, broad clusters of lemon-scented, white flowers. Distinctively ornamental pinnate, finely serrated foliage adds to the decorative display.
The floral clusters cover the plant at regular intervals from the top to the bottom of the shrub. Overall, it's an outstanding appearance, but look closer.
Five tall yellow stamens extend well above each tiny, umbrella shaped bloom. These bright stamens sparkle in the sunlight! Each of the pretty blooms will develop into a gorgeous, richly-colored berry.
Berries ripen best in full sun. You may achieve up to 30 pounds of fruit from a single plant once its established. York Elderberry produces the largest fruit size and finest quality of any of the Elderberries.
These deep, dark-colored berries are very special. York is recognized by the USDA Database for Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods' as a super fruit because of its high concentration of vitamin C.
Pick the entire cluster of fruit when fully ripe. You'll strip the berries to remove them from the bright stems. Cook them down to bring out the sweet flavor. You may not even need to add sugar!
In the wild, York is typically found naturalized along streambeds, in moist woodland settings, in thickets and along roadsides throughout the eastern part of North America. You'll be surprised to find out how versatile this native plant can be in modern landscapes.
You'll love the easy charm of York Elderberry, order yours today!
Use York Elderberry as a specimen shrub in a perennial garden in full sun. Give it the space it needs to develop into its full height and width. A single plant planted at the corner of a shed or building easily softens the look and grounds to building to the landscape. Plant in full sun for the best results.
York Elderberry is also a great shrub to use as a useful border planting. It can grow into a lovely screen or hedgerow. To create a solid screen, plant 5 feet apart on center. You'll measure from the center of one to the center of the next. You'll be so pleased to see how fast they fill in.
If you have a large landscape, try naturalizing them at the edge of a woodland, or surrounding a pond. Add to a Rain Garden to help filter rainwater runoff from roofs and streets before it hits the storm sewer.
Use this native treasure to support local ecology and waterways. You'll be rewarded with dancing butterflies and the motion and sound of happy songbirds. What a treat!
Elderberries are high in Vitamin C and used in many dishes including jams, preserves, pies and syrups. It is also famous for making juice blends and the wonderful Elderberry Wine.
You've probably seen Sambucus at the drug store sold as a cough remedy. Try your hand at your own medicinal tonics and elixirs, carefully following published recipes from reputable sources.
York Elderberry is a cane-producing shrub a bit like Blackberries and Raspberries. Prune in late winter to cut the thickest, 3-year-old canes back to the ground. Cut back all 2-year canes by half and remove all weak and dead canes.
When used as an ornamental, cut the plant back to a desired shape after the plant leafs out in spring. This delayed will somewhat limit fruit production for that season.
York is self-fruitful but will set a bigger crop when planted with another variety such as the Black Lace® Elderberry or Golden Elderberry. York is also one of the best pollinators for all other Sambucus canadensis varieties.
They grow best in well drained soils that are high in organic matter. Mulch heavily in warmer, drier climates to ensure that the shallow roots are kept cool and moist. Fertilize in the spring and mid-summer with an acid fertilizer, such as Dr. Earth's Acid Lovers Premium and Organic Fertilizer.
York Elderberry will provide you with years of beauty and bounty and requires little care from you, if naturalized. It will only require typical garden care when grown for fruit.
Its hardy and adaptable nature, coupled with its lovely flowers and delicious fruit, make it one of the most important of all the Elderberry varieties and a perfect plant for your landscape.
Order yours today!
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|Sprinter Pot||Equal to||.63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Ranges from||.31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume|
|6" Container||Equal to||1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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This proprietary eCommerce software prevents the shipment of a restricted plant to each state. The Plant Sentry system includes a shipment certification program. The Plant Sentry Compliance Officer works closely with NatureHills.com and each nursery or fulfillment center to ensure only compliant plants are sold to customers.
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|Botanical Name||Sambucus canadensis 'York'|
|Mature Height||10 - 12 feet|
|Mature Spread||8 - 12 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun, Partial Shade|
|Soil Type||Widely Adaptable|
|Fall Color||Yellow, Red|
|Fruiting Time||Late Summer|