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American Elderberry Overview
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Flowers and Fruit on a Hardy, Native Shrub

The American Elderberry is a showy, ornamental shrub.  Plant several as a border, or just one in a naturalized garden area for some decorative interest.  However you choose to use it, its flowers and fruit are sure to be an attractive and useful addition to your landscape.

Gardeners sing your American Elderberry’s praises for three main reasons.  It’s an adaptable, hardy shrub that requires little care, delivers decorative spring flowers and provides fall fruit for both gardener and wildlife. 

The show begins with large, flat-topped panicles of petite, fragrant flowers (an attractive lure to your butterflies and hummingbirds).  The grey/brown bark is a lovely backdrop for the pinnate foliage that supports up to eleven bright green leaflets on each leaf. 

As the flowers fade, the fruit develops.  By fall you’ll enjoy the multitude of small, berry-like drupes, their black coloring standing out amid your shrub’s foliage.  As autumn progresses, American Elderberry’s foliage tints to an attractive yellow for a last gasp of seasonal interest.

American Elderberry will grow up to 12 feet in height with a 10-foot spread.  It’s a deciduous shrub with an upright, vase shape.  American Elderberry is a fast-grower, so you won’t have to wait long to benefit from all the wonderful features that this incredible shrub has to offer. 

It prefers moist soil and full sun, but is tolerant of a wide variety of soil conditions.  It is sometimes used effectively for erosion control and doesn’t mind extensive pruning if you prefer to hold it to a particular shape/size.  The autumn fruit is popular with wildlife, but save some yourself to enjoy in pies, preserves or even homemade wine.

* Fast growing
* Spring flowers
* Fall fruit
* Wildlife interest
* Used for erosion control


American Elderberry Is Suited to Grow in Zones 4-9
Growing Zones 4-9
More Information
Brand Nature Hills Nursery
Botanical Name Sambucus canadensis
Foliage Green
Mature Height 8 - 12 feet
Mature Spread 8 - 12 feet
Soil Type Widely Adaptable
Sun Exposure Full Sun
Growth Rate Fast
Flower Color White
Fall Color Yellow