Treat yourself to in-season Plums in arms reach, when you plant or Santa Rosa Plum Tree (Prunus 'Santa Rosa') in your yard. First introduced right here in the United States by Luther Burbank, in 1906 in Santa Rosa, California!
This variety is a deciduous, fruit-bearing tree that offers a dependable and delicious harvest each year. Plant one where you can readily enjoy its beautiful blossoms and its gorgeous, juicy fruit.
Watch each spring as the Santa Rosa Plum's fabulously fragrant spring blooms, in frilly white flowers with a pink blush, make their way into your landscape. You'll create a visual spectacle that will have the whole neighborhood jealous.
Enjoy the show while you can; by late July or early August, those blossoms will give way to lovely Plums, ripe for the taking. Santa Rosa Japanese Plums are beautiful to behold, with red-hued, purple skin concealing a layer of red blush, then sweet, yellow flesh surrounding the center clingstone pit.
Your Santa Rosa Plum Tree will produce medium-large, slightly firm fruits that are ideal for fresh-eating right off the tree. Slice them for inclusion in a fruit salad, or add them to a fruit snack plate.
These beautiful Plums are also perfect for canning, freezing, cooking, drying, so you can easily preserve some of your bounty for enjoying later on in the year or sharing with others as gifts. Santa Rosa's firm flesh has amazing flavor! It is sweet with a slightly tangy edge, perfect for a wide variety of uses.
Edible landscaping is all the rage, so remember these gorgeous trees serve double duty as both an ornamental flowering tree that just happens to also grow healthful fruit! Plum leaves are lush and also have great fall color. Even the branching is ornate and provides winter interest!
Faster growing and vigorous, these trees are amazingly heat resistant and do great up to USDA growing zones 9, while being cold hardy down to zone 5! A great size for both a front yard accent tree and for easy use in the orchard!
All fruit trees do their best in full sun, at least 6-8 hours of uninterrupted sunlight. This gives you the highest amount of blooms and therefore the most fruit and the best tasting Plums possible.
Needing ample access to moisture, especially during fruit formation, Plums prefer well-drained soils. A generous layer of mulch helps retain soil moisture as well as insulate the root system from heat and chill.
Santa Rosa Plum Tree is a relatively hardy tree, adaptable to a variety of soils and heat tolerant. It's even self-fruitful, so you don't need to have more than one to enjoy a healthy harvest. Santa Rosa only requires about 300-500 chill hours a year to fruit.
Santa Rosa is an old favorite among Plum lovers and still one of the most often grown. A pretty tree, especially during the spring and late summer growing seasons, Santa Rosa a great investment in something that is both useful and beautiful. Order yours today!
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|Sprinter Pot||Equal to||.63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Ranges from||.31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume|
|6" Container||Equal to||1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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Luther Burbank is undoubtedly the most noted hybridizer of modern times. He started working with plums in 1881, looking for a way to increase their marketability.
He sought out Japanese varieties of plum, Prunus salicina, which were not regularly planted in the United States at that time. In 1885, he received seedling from Japan and soon thereafter begins offering Japanese Plums to the market. The most noted introductions were the Burbank and Satsuma Plums, which are still available today.
Soon the demand for this type of plum increased, and Burbank set out to further improve the quality of the Japanese plum by crossing desirable characteristics from different seedling selections. At his Gold Ridge Farm in Sebastopol, California, he began crossing Japanese plums with other Japanese varieties, with European plums (Prunus domestica) and with wild plum varieties such as Prunus cerasifera and many others. In 1893, he began offering his own creations in his catalog 'New Creations in Fruit and Flowers.'
The most noteworthy plum from this catalog was the Perfection Plum. It was later renamed the Wickson Plum and is still available today.
Burbank would go on to develop and introduce over 100 varieties of assorted Japanese, European and what today are called interspecific hybrids, meaning crossing different species. One of these has become the best-known plum variety today, the Santa Rosa.
Burbank was not the best record keeper and most of the crosses he made were recorded in his head but not on paper. Also, the methods he used were far from today's standards for hybridization. He had made the claim for many years of bridging species but is wasn't until the early 2000's that this claim could be proven with DNA markers.
The Santa Rosa Plum is an interspecific hybrid of P. salicina x P.cerasifera x P simonii introduced by George C Roeding of Fancher Creek Nursery in Fresno, California in 1906. P. simonii was a popular species used in many of Burbank's crosses most noted for its small pit and firm flesh.
Santa Rosa, named after the town of its origin, would go on to become one of the most important plum varieties of the early 20th century. Santa Rosa remains one of the most popular fruit varieties planted in the home garden today.
|Botanical Name||Prunus 'Santa Rosa'|
|Mature Height||15 - 25 feet|
|Mature Spread||12 - 20 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|
|Soil Type||Widely Adaptable|
|Flower Color||Pink, White|
|Fruiting Time||Early Season|