Washington Navel Orange Tree
The Most Popular Washington Navel Orange Tree
- Delicious, Seedless Fruit
- Great Fresh Eating
- Produces Fruit Early
- Conveniently Long Hang Time on Tree
- High Productivity
- Most Popular Backyard Orange in the United States and Worldwide
- Incredible Fragrance
- Beautiful Edible and Ornamental
- No Pollinator Required
People think of Washington Navel Oranges when they think of an Orange. The delicious fruit is seedless and easy to peel.
There are a lot of things to love about this fruit bearing tree. No wonder it's the most popular orange grown in the world. The fruit is sweet and has just enough juice for outstanding fresh eating.
It won't make you wait long for your first crop, because it matures early. It's also one of the first fruits ready for the winter harvest. Only a few varieties of orange like the wonderful pink fleshed Cara Cara ripen earlier.
It's a high yield variety, so you'll enjoy plenty of the rich tasting, easy peeling oranges. These are large, meaty pieces of fruit that are easy to peel and separate.
No wonder they are a traditional part of all school lunches around the country! They are sweet enough for kids to love, too.
Your bounty that can be left on the tree for up to three months without sacrificing their quality or integrity. This makes it easy to harvest as many as you want over the course of the season, which is perfect for the small-time or backyard grower.
Imagine growing your own fresh oranges and having the luxury of harvesting them at your leisure all through the winter months! What a healthy addition to your daily life.
Order today and start eating "Really Local".
Not Just Fruit! It's A Useful Ornamental Tree, As Well
The Washington Navel Orange Tree (Citrus sinensis 'Washington') is not all about function. Form is definitely present too, providing your yard with aesthetic beauty in any location you choose to plant it.
As you can imagine, the beautiful, waxy white flowers smell absolutely incredible. They'll perfume your whole yard with that to-die-for intensely fresh citrus scent, adding to your outdoor enjoyment from spring and well into summer.
Local songbirds will love to nest in the tree. Keep your eyes out for hummingbirds, they'll love those fragrant blooms!
One of the best kept secrets about growing fruit trees is that you can keep them easily pruned to the height and width you desire. Need a tiny tree? Do summer pruning for size control.
If you let it grow into a medium-sized tree, the Washington Navel Orange is an ideal single trunk tree. You can consider this a very giving specimen tree with a majestic look.
Or, keep the lower branches on to use it as a cute, rounded bush. These can be planted 6 to 8 feet apart - measuring from the center of one to the center of the next - and become a useful privacy screen or hedge to block out an unwanted view.
Although it can grow to a substantial size in the ground, the Washington Navel Orange is also suitable for container growing and can be pruned to any desired size and shape.
Yes, you can even grow it in a container. Now we have the cold winter gardeners smiling!
Citrus in general is well suited for container growing and in areas where space is limited or a move to a new home may be in your future, grow your Washington Navel Orange in a container.
You can keep container plants limbed up as a small tree or kept bushier as a shrub. Either way, the Washington Navel is a fabulous addition to your landscape.
#ProPlantTips for Care
Washington Navel Trees prefer full sun and fertile, well-drained soil conditions. It requires a moderate amount of watering.
If you'll be growing it in the ground, please ensure it has good drainage. If you see puddles long after a rain, you'll want to build a raised bed 12 to 18 inches high and 3-foot square.
In colder climates, the Washington Navel tree growing in a container must be moved indoors for winter. Give it have the brightest light you can and maintain moderate humidity to produce fruit successfully. Keep it in a greenhouse or attached sunroom are best.
A single tree will product fruit. But we recommend planting at least two for the largest fruit set.
Our trees are always in high demand, and we expect these large-sized, mature citrus trees to be very popular. Order now before they sell out and enjoy the benefits of growing your own easy peeling fruit anywhere in the U.S.
For juicing, we recommend the late ripening Valencia Orange.
Buying Options for Plants
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
- Popular sizes of select trees are 1 foot, 2 feet, 3 feet, etc.
- Popular sizes of select bare root plants is 1 foot, 18 inches, etc.
Nature Hills Container Size by Volume
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.655 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|3.5" Container||Equal to||.67 dry quart / .74 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Ranges from||.31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume|
|6" Container||Equal to||1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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This proprietary eCommerce software prevents the shipment of a restricted plant to each state. The Plant Sentry system includes a shipment certification program. The Plant Sentry Compliance Officer works closely with NatureHills.com and each nursery or fulfillment center to ensure only compliant plants are sold to customers.
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The History of America's #1 Orange
The Washington Navel Orange had a long journey to become America's #1 orange. It was well worth the wait!
By the early 1800's, missionaries had planted citrus orchards in Brazil, Central America, Florida and Mexico. In the early 1840's, William Wolfskill planted what is considered the first commercial citrus orchard in Southern California. Wolfskill grew mostly lemons and oranges from seed, but he is credited with establishing the market for citrus growing in California.
Many growers of the period worked to create a superior quality sweet orange, but very few succeeded. In 1877, Thomas Garey introduced a seedling called 'Garey's Mediterranean Sweet' which was immediately recognized for its fruit quality. Shortly afterward, Garvey began getting requests for this plant from all over the world. However, after the introduction of the Washington Navel, the popularity of Garey's variety would fall sharply.
During the same time period, news emerged of a far superior sweet orange variety. Since 1820, budwood from a tree discovered in a monastery in Brazil were being sent to citrus growing regions. However, these first trees proved to have inferior quality.
In the late 1860's, William Saunders with the US Department of Agriculture in Washington, D.C., learned of this superior sweet orange from a neighbor who has just returned from Brazil. Saunders contacted a missionary there and was shipped budded trees in 1870. This is the credited time of introduction for the Washington Navel (although it hadn't been named at that time!)
Saunders propagated this new variety and sent trees to Florida and 3 locations in California. The variety did not do well in Florida, but the California trees did well. Two of the budded trees were sent to Saunders former neighbor Eliza and Luther Tibbetts. The Tibbetts had just moved to Riverside in Southern California and purchased 8 acres of land. The trees grew well by the side of their house.
By the early 1880's, the" Riverside Navel" had caught on quite well with local growers and nurseries throughout California and was gaining popularity throughout the United States. To keep with the national appeal, the decision was made to change the name to the George Washington Navel. This in time was shortened to Washington Navel.
Because of the Washington Navel's seedless nature, planting seeds wasn't possible. With no seed available, all propagation was done by budding or grafting to seedling rootstocks. This means that nearly all the Washington Navels grown in California to date originate from Eliza Tibbetts original two trees. They were moved from their original location. One of the trees died, but the other tree is still alive and a registered historical monument in Riverside, California, still setting fruit at over 145 years old. What a legacy!
|Botanical Name||Citrus sinensis 'Washington'|
|Mature Height||7 - 15 feet|
|Mature Spread||8 - 10 feet|
|Soil Type||Well Drained|
|Moisture||Low to Moderate|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|