Long-lived, mighty, wildlife-friendly, iconic, and lasting legacies - the incredible Oak tree is the cornerstone of the tree world! Found growing around the world, these large fortresses cast incredible shade and have a high impact on the landscape because many can be seen far and wide, rising above the others.
A single tree is a valuable asset to your home's value and has an immense impact on your yard!
But these incredible trees are most known for casting their lush shade on your home and garden!
There are both deciduous and evergreen Oak trees, found in a wide range of growing conditions from riparian to arid, hot and cold hardiness zones, and in large to small sizes for all needs! Both native and modern cultivars alike have the same hardiness, resilience, and beauty!
Oaks are usually trees but a few can be shrubs or very shrubby in form. Belonging to the genus Quercus and members of the Beech family, Fagaceae. With over 500 species, there are a lot of Oaks that thrive in a wide range of climates and conditions.
Oak trees are classified in general into White Oaks and Red Oaks:
Reds typically have pointed lobes (similar to classic Holly leaves). Acorns can take two years to mature before they drop. Includes Willow, Black, Water, Southern Live, Blackjack, Shingle, and Pin Oaks.
White Oak type trees have rounded lobes to their leaves. Their acorns mature each year and can sprout almost right away! Common White Oaks include Swamp, Chestnut Oak, Post, White Oak, Chinkapin, and Bur.
Used for furniture, building materials, ships, and firewood, a single mature tree has a wide variety of uses even after they’re no longer growing in the landscape.
Oak trees have male flowers and female flowers on different parts of the branch. Often yellow or greenish, these monoecious blooms look different from each other as well. Male flowers are long catkins, while female flowers are tucked into the notches of the leaves (called the leaf axis).
Oaks are keystone species, meaning they support a ton of native beneficial insects, pollinators, birds and wildlife! The acorns, also called oak nuts, are produced in the autumn. These nuts are beloved by a wide variety of wildlife and can even be eaten by humans after processing. Birds and wildlife nest and take shelter in their limbs, and stand steadfast throughout the worst of storms. Some Oaks begin to produce acorns at age 10, and others do not produce until they are 50 years old. Heavy acorn production may occur only about four out of every 10 years, called 'mast' years.
Check out the Audubon® line of native Oak trees for your landscape and support local fauna!
The Major Oak of Sherwood Forest, Nottinghamshire England is a local legend! This 1,000-year-old tree is rumored as being magical and the secret meeting spot of Robin Hood and his men would meet at this tree.
The Pechanga Great Oak tree is a Coastal Live Oak near Temecula, California. Estimated to be the world's oldest Living Oak and might be at least 2,000 years old.
Nature Hills has a remarkable selection of fantastic Oak trees available for you to choose from! So how do you choose the right one for you?
Now that you’ve narrowed down which Oak Tree works best for you, check out these fantastic varieties that will thrive in a wide range of unique conditions we typically find in the landscape while still casting luscious shade!
Many varieties hold their leaves over the winter to protect next year's buds from the chill!
If you got the room, these massive and far-reaching Oak trees will envelop your entire landscape in cooling shady relief!
Got a soggy spot or are planting near a body of water, check out these great varieties.
Heat, humidity, drought, and Oaks go hand in hand for these hardy specimens.
Big Oak shade and attitude in a tidy smaller footprint!
Get shade faster without the wait.
Get an Oak that sets itself apart from the rest!
While most Oak trees prefer full sun, a few can handle partial shade/afternoon shade, especially while they are young. Often, however, even these trees outgrow and outlast any competition and eventually earn their spot in the full sunlight. Southern Live, Swamp White and White Oaks, Overcup and Water Oaks can handle these lower light conditions. Unfortunately, no Oak can tolerate full shade.
Give your new tree an enriched site with well-drained soil (unless it is one of the moist/wet soil tolerant trees listed above) and supply it with regular moisture until established. Even moist soil-loving Oaks need good drainage and cannot stand soggy conditions while they get their roots established. If you find yourself in a soggy environment, add 18-24 inches of soil over the native soil to create a berm and plant your new tree into that mound to give it a good start above the water table.
All Oaks prefer a 3-4 inch thick layer of arborist mulch chips covering their entire root system to help hold in moisture and keep their roots cool.
Prune Oaks while they are dormant in the winter or very early spring. Evergreen Oaks like the Southern Live Oak should be pruned during the winter as well. Correct the branch structure while your tree is young for the best results.
Fertilize in spring with a formula for trees or good general slow-release formula. Follow application rates on the label.
Fantastic windbreaks and shelterbelts, privacy, and of course - luscious shade! The mighty Oak tree is a large-scale but versatile and easy-to-grow addition to your landscape. Sure to stick around for years to come!
Plant a lasting and shady legacy for yourself and future generations by making room for one of these incredible specimens with the help of Nature Hills Nursery!