Black Walnut Tree

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Trees in general are an investment in our future, but none more so than the beautiful, valuable Eastern Black Walnut (Juglans nigra). The story of the Eastern Black Walnut - like many native trees - is a fascinating one!

The leaves will turn vibrant yellow in the fall well before any of your neighbor's trees. The contrast between the fall color and the deep, dark trunks is eye-catching and memorable. Eastern Black Walnut trees are renowned for their tasty nuts that typically grow in clusters of three.

The decay-resistant heartwood is extremely durable and features a very attractive color! During the Civil War, Eastern Black Walnut was the wood of choice for soldiers' gunstocks. Entire forests in the Northeast were cut down to build the cabinets in the homes in our founding cities. With no major replanting plan in place until after the 1970s, this national treasure tree became harder to find.

Plant two, three, or more for best cross-pollination. The Eastern Black Walnut produces round nuts that fall to the ground in September and October. After 5 or 6 years, you will be collecting bushels of delicious nuts that store well once they're cured. If you don't collect them, the neighborhood squirrels and wildlife will go crazy for them!

Eastern Black Walnuts have a rich flavor and a protein level that is almost 20 times higher than milk. They are high in edible oil which can be used in cooking or as a wood polish. In-shell nuts keep for over a year in the freezer or airtight container. Shelled nuts can be kept in the freezer for two years or sold. It's even possible to tap the Eastern Black Walnut in spring to produce syrup like that of Maples.

Growing into a majestic 50-70 feet in height and width, and looks fantastic all growing season! The compound leaves almost look exotic and cast gorgeous shade throughout landscapes in USDA growing zones 4 to 9.

Planting and Application:

The magnificent, fine, close-grained wood is loved by woodworkers, and furniture makers, and for production into veneer, gunstocks, and musical instruments. Overall, it's estimated that an acre of Eastern Black Walnut timber produces $100K in revenue when mature in 30 years. Single trees have fetched $20K, so this tree should be seriously considered by hobby farmers and entrepreneurs.

Now, enterprising souls have realized the revenue potential of this large shade tree. Why not plant a grove, orchard or even plantation on an unused corner of your property? You'll reap rewards, and nutritious nuts and eventually sell unequaled hardwood. Plant an orchard 15 to 20 feet apart on center. Measure from trunk to trunk.

Plant a Black Walnut nut orchard or larger timber plantation as an investment crop on large properties. The nut is prized for its high quality and are quite often harvested for commercial sale. It's estimated you can achieve 6,000 pounds of nuts per managed acre.

In the meantime, you and your family can enjoy the open, airy, dappled shade of the feathery, alternate compound leaves. Eastern Black Walnut trees will give you cool shade in the summer and an incredible focal point for your landscape.

When grown in a forest, Eastern Black Walnut grows straight up to 100 feet tall. Left uncut, this amazingly stately tree will be standing for your great-great-grandchildren to enjoy! What a legacy. On large properties, the Eastern Black Walnut can be used as a beautiful, broad shade tree in the lawn to screen the hot afternoon sun.

Let's talk about those plant competitors, shall we? Eastern Black Walnut is one of the botanical world's most interesting trees. The roots produce a natural herbicide called juglone, which prevents many plant species from growing nearby and gives a big advantage to the Walnut.

Allelopathy is the name of this strategy, and it's effective. The roots spread out about 50 feet from the trunk of the tree, and only juglone-tolerant plants can grow in that boundary. Interplant new orchard rows with other, smaller cash crops until the Black Walnut trees reach size.

Avoid planting these trees near your patios or pavement as the nuts have three layers, one of them being a green husk that will stain fingers and concrete. Use gloves when preparing walnut harvests.

  • Very Valuable Lumber & Cash Crop
  • High Protein, Rich Tasting Nuts
  • Gorgeous, Large Shade Tree
  • Native Wildlife Tree
  • Interesting Botanical Apex Plant!
  • Shade Tree, Specimen, Lawn Tree & Grand Legacy

#ProPlantTips for Care:

Growing primarily in the more humid parts of the country, the Eastern Black Walnut likes full sun. Plant in well-drained soil. It prefers rich, moist loam. However, if given regular water, it can be grown in drier soils. Prune either in the late winter to remove crossing branching and open the interior, or in mid-summer to control size if needed.

In a managed stand, Black Walnuts will self-prune their lower limbs and leave a straight trunk soaring up to the sky. Site the plants carefully, and don't try to move them once it's planted. With a deep taproot, the Eastern Black Walnut won't transplant well.

De-hull the soft green husk using a specialized tool or take them to a processor. Next, wash the furrowed black hulls to remove all traces of the green husk. Then, dry the nuts in-shell outdoors to cure the nut and improve the flavor.

  • Full Sun Trees
  • Well-Drained Soil
  • Regular Moisture For Young Trees
  • Drought-Tolerant Once Established
  • Prune When Dormant In Early Spring
  • Very Long-Lived & Resilient

With its bold look, fascinating history, and value, it makes a great choice! It can take years for a healthy Black Walnut tree to grow from seed, but Nature Hills has done all of the hard work for you! Buy from Nature Hills today and leave your mark for generations.

Buying Options for Plants

Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.

Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!

Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.

  • Popular sizes of select trees are 1 foot, 2 feet, 3 feet, etc.
  • Popular sizes of select bare root plants is 1 foot, 18 inches, etc.

Nature Hills Container Size by Volume

Keep in mind, specific varieties and different growing conditions can affect the rate at which plants grow. Variations in size may occur.

Young Plants to 18 Months
Size Volume
2"x2"x3" Ranges from .18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume
4.5" Container Equal to .65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume
Sprinter Pot Equal to .63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume
4" Container Ranges from .31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume
6" Container Equal to 1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume
1 Quart Equal to 1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume
5.5" Container Equal to 1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x5" Ranges from .8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x6" Ranges from 1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x9" Ranges from 1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume
4"x4"x10" Ranges from 1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume
Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old
Size Volume
2 Quart Equal to 2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume
#1 Container Ranges from 2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume
5"x5"x12" Equal to 3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume
Plants 2 - 4 Years Old
Size Volume
#2 Container Ranges from 1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume
#3 Container Ranges from 2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume
Plants 3 - 5 Years Old
Size Volume
#5 Container Ranges from 2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume
#6 Container Ranges from 5.25 to 6.01 dry gallons / 23.12 to 26.42 dry liters in volume
#7 Container Ranges from 5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume

About Plant Sentry™

Plant Sentry is designed to protect both consumers and the nursery trade from invasive plant pests and diseases. Sites that display the Plant Sentry protection badge are protected from consumers buying and nurseries shipping material carrying invasive pests and diseases.

This proprietary eCommerce software prevents the shipment of a restricted plant to each state. The Plant Sentry system includes a shipment certification program. The Plant Sentry Compliance Officer works closely with and each nursery or fulfillment center to ensure only compliant plants are sold to customers.

Click Here to learn more

Plant Sentry


To obtain a more accurate shipment time-frame, simply enter your zip code in the “Find Your Growing Zone” box to the right. Our plants are grown all over the country and lead time on items may be different because of this. Once your order is placed, you will also receive the specific shipment time-frame information as part of your order confirmation. Once an item ships, you will receive shipment notification and tracking numbers, so you can follow along while your plant travels to your doorstep. We use FedEx, UPS, or USPS at our discretion.

Due to winter weather we have put a hold on shipping to the areas shown below in grey. You can still order now and we will ship the plant to you during an appropriate time for your zone.

*If you have found your zone already, it will be highlighted in the table below.
Color Zone Times
3 Spring 2019
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Shipping Rates

At Nature Hills we handle, package and ship the products you order with the utmost care to ensure healthy delivery. Shipping and handling charges are calculated based on the tables below. Please note that some items include an additional handling surcharge, these will be noted on the item's product page.

From To S&H
0 - 19.99 24.99
20 - 49.99 29.99
50 - 69.99 34.99
70 - 99.99 39.99
100 - 129.99 44.99
130 - 149.99 48.99
150 - 150+ Approx 28%

Click here to see our full rates


Black Walnut Tree Is Suited to Grow in Zones 4-9
Growing Zones 4-9
More Information
Brand Nature Hills' Choice
Botanical Name Juglans nigra
Type Deciduous
Mature Height 50 - 70 feet
Mature Spread 50 - 70 feet
Sun Exposure Full Sun
Soil Widely Adaptable
Moisture Moderate
Growth Rate Medium
Flower Color Yellowish-White
Foliage Deciduous
Foliage Color Green
Fall Color Yellow
Harvest Time Late Season
Pollinator Friendly Yes
Pruning Time Early Spring