"The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The second best time is now." - Chinese Proverb Every tree is different. Some are little more than bushes at their tallest, while others are meant to grow gigantic and form canopies in the sky. If you're looking for a tree that will tower over your yard for decades to come, check out these varieties:
5. Northern Red Oak: avg. 90 ft, exceptional specimens taller than 140 ft
Sometimes called the champion oak, the northern red oak (Quercus rubra) is native to North America and can be found growing wild almost anywhere east of the Rocky Mountains. In the forest, they grow over 100 ft tall. Grown in an open yard, they are likely to be more stout, but with heights still averaging about 70 ft tall. In spring and autumn, the red oak earns its name with bright red foliage. This tree puts down deep roots quickly, and is not easy to relocate once it's been planted. However, a healthy Northern Red Oak may have a lifespan of 500 years, according to the USDA.
4. Red Maple: avg. 59 to 89 ft, exceptional specimens taller than 115 ft
Another big red tree to consider is the Red Maple. These are among the most common trees found in the eastern and central United States and Canada. The tallest known specimen is in Michigan, and is 125 ft tall. Because they are so common in the wild, the red maple is a good tree for bringing birds to your yard. On average, they will grow to around 60-90 ft tall. They grow somewhat quickly, with saplings reaching 20 ft tall within the first 10 years.
3. Dawn Redwood: avg. 50-90 ft
The Dawn Redwood is the last living species of its genus, Metasequoia. Native to Asia, it can thrive as an ornamental in the United States. Unlike its relative the California Redwood, the Dawn Redwood is deciduous. Its leaves are thin and conifer-like, but it is not an evergreen. Although it is dwarfed in comparison to the other redwoods, it will still grow up to 200 ft.
2. American Sycamore: avg. 30 to 40 m (98 to 131 ft)
Lovely, hearty, and steadfast, the American Sycamore (Plantus occidentalis) is a deciduous tree native to North America, east of the Rockies. Its most distinguishing feature is its bark. Older bark sloughs off in thin pieces, exposing dappled fresh bark underneath. This gives the tree a nice ornamental appearance.
The Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) can become a giant in your very own yard. They are fast growing between the ages of 15 and 45 years, adding around 3-4 ft of new height every year. Younger and older trees grow more slowly. They have a long lifespan, thought to be around 400 years. The tallest currently living white pines are around 180 ft tall.
If one of these 5 trees do not fit your needs, click here to check out our entire selection of large trees.