The Winesap Apple Tree (Malus 'Winesap') is an heirloom Apple variety whose history dates from the 1700s. The variety was further developed in the 1800s and became a fast favorite among growers. Still one of the leading varieties being grown in the United States, and if you plant one (or 20), you'll quickly see why!
Nature Hills Nursery’s Winesap Apple is also called the 'Stayman Winesap Apple', and is a prime choice for eating fresh, juicing and baking.
This is no wallflower! In springtime, bright red blooms provide a resplendent show, creating a spectacle the whole neighborhood can enjoy.
When harvest time comes in September or October, your tree will be heavy with large-sized fruit. The flesh is tart yellow and very juicy, tinged with russet and red dots, and occasionally some red veining.
This moderately crisp Apple has a firm, somewhat coarse bite with a spritely, tart, acidic taste, complete with a wine-like flavor. Thought to be one of the juiciest varieties, the Winesap is an all-purpose Apple you can slice for fruit trays and salads, crisps and tarts, or even bake a classic Apple pie.
This delicious apple keeps for up to three months in cold storage, so you have lots of time to preserve your harvest, whether you can them, make Applesauce and Apple butter, or choose to dehydrate them for enjoyment all year long.
The spring display is unlike any other Apple tree with brilliant pinkish-red blooms instead of more typical white and pink. Fragrant blossoms erupt onto the scene and call beneficial pollinators.
Also drawing your neighbors attention, a privacy row of these lovely trees will not be minded by anyone being hidden from the view!
The upright, oval shape is just another ornamental quality this tree provides! Line your property or tuck among your other planting beds to provide shade and tasty snacks throughout the growing season.
Shade your patio or vegetable garden or set your picnic basket beneath one of these beauties for a spring Apple blossom party all your own!
Gorgeous as specimen and accent plants, edible landscaping and dual-purpose sites are perfect for these smaller-sized trees. Home orchards welcome the addition of this fantastic heirloom.
Growers love the easy-to-maintain tree, grown in zones 5-8. Requiring full sun for the largest yield, provide at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day.
A smaller-sized tree, this variety grows best in dry, sandy, well-drained soil with regular watering. Not drought tolerant, these need supplemental watering and mulch for moisture retention.
Prune to thin fruit, or while dormant to keep the canopy open, allowing sunlight and air circulation into the interior.
Order your red blooms and red fruit of the Winesap Apple tree from NatureHills.com today and get started now before these antique gems sell out!
Apple trees have been grafted onto different rootstocks since before the mid-1800s. Different rootstocks are used to improve the anchoring of trees, eliminate diseases, and reduce the natural mature size of the tree itself. While there are many different types of rootstock, they are all labeled as being either Dwarf, Semi-Dwarf, or Standard.
The apple descriptions, including flowering, pollination, and apple characteristics are the same whether the plant is grown on a standard rootstock or some varying dwarfing rootstock. The overall size can vary by climate and soil but the understock used is ultimately what affects the mature size.
There will be some variation in sizes but as a guide, we are suggesting the overall mature size of these apple varieties are:
Remember that all fruit tree sizes can easily be altered if needed by simple pruning as the trees grow and develop.
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|Sprinter Pot||Equal to||.63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Ranges from||.31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume|
|6" Container||Equal to||1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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As apples go, Winesap traces itself back in American history to the early 1800. This was back in the days when apples were consumed more as cider, rather than eating fresh from the tree. The first notations of the Winesap are from the well-known Dr. James Mease in 1804, the man who is also credited with introducing Soy into the United States.
During this time before water sanitation, drinking water was often not healthy and could lead to death. Fermented Apple Cider purified common water-borne diseases and was the preferred beverage to avoid the sicknesses associated with drinking water.
Dr. Mease recommended the Winesap as a fine choice for cider in his 1804 tome, Willich's Domestic Encyclopedia of Philadelphia, saying "WINE-SOP is an autumn fruit, of deep red colour, and sweet, sprightly taste, makes excellent cyder, which is preferred by some to that of Red Streak." A copy of this book was given to Thomas Jefferson.
The variety was also praised for its great storage life up to 6 months, good size, disease resistance and great eating quality. Its popularity grew into the 1800's as one of the finest apples for hard and sweet cider.
With all the wonderful attributes, the Winesap also became a popular variety for cross hybridization. Many popular varieties of the 1800's would come with Winesap as its parent. Most noted were two varieties still popular today: the Arkansas Black and the Stayman-Winesap.
In 1866, Dr J Stayman of Leavenworth, Kansas planted out several of his Winesap Seedlings and sent selections to different nurseries in 1868. One of the selections that was sent to Charles Downing first produced fruit in 1875. It was determined to be a very special selection and Downing promptly named it in honor of Stayman.
The Stayman-Winesap became a popular apple around 1890 and was touted as an all-around superior choice to the parent Winesap in all regards. Stayman-Winesap is highly regarded for its vigorous growth of both root and top. It boasts large and luxuriant foliage and produces a continual fruit crop of excellent size and flavor. Stayman-Winesap continued to be one of the most popular varieties planted from the East Coast into the Midwest until the early 1960's.
|Botanical Name||Malus 'Winesap'|
|Mature Height||Semi-Dwarf Height: 12 - 18 feet | Standard Height: 18 - 25 feet|
|Mature Spread||Semi-Dwarf Spread: 10 - 15 feet | Standard Spread: 15 - 18 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|
|Soil Type||Widely Adaptable|
|Moisture||Low Once Established|
|Harvest Time||Early Season|
|Fruiting Time||3 - 5 years|
|When To Prune||When Dormant|