The Winesap Apple (Malus 'Winesap') is an heirloom Apple variety whose history dates from the 1700s, but the variety was further developed in the 1800s' and became a fast favorite among growers big and small. It is still one of the leading strains being grown in the United States, and if you plant one (or 20), you'll quickly see why.
Our Winesap Apple is also referred to as the "Stayman Winesap," and is a prime choice for eating, juicing and baking. Thought to be one of the juiciest varieties, the Winesap Apple is an all-purpose Apple you can slice for fruit trays and salads, turn by the handful into crisps and tarts, or even bake a classic Apple pie.
This hardy fruit keeps for up to three months in cold storage, so you have lots of leeway when it comes to preserving your annual harvest, whether you can your Winesap Apples, turn them into Applesauce and Apple butter, or choose to dehydrate them for enjoyment all year long.
When harvest time comes, your Winesap Apple Tree will be heavy with large, good-sized fruit. The flesh of the Winesap Apple is tart yellow and very juicy, tinged with russet and red dots and even seen with some red veining in some fruits. This moderately crisp Apple has firm, somewhat coarse bite with a spritely, medium-tart acidic taste.
This Winesap Apple Tree is no wallflower. In springtime, its bright red blooms provide a resplendent backdrop for your lawn, creating a real spectacle the whole neighborhood can enjoy.
Growers love the easy-to-maintain Winesap Apple Tree, which grows well in Zones 5-8. A semi-dwarf, this variety prefers dry, sandy soil and does best in full sun. Expect fruit in three to five years after planting. Order today and get started now!
Apple trees have been grafted onto different rootstocks since before the mid-1800s. Different rootstocks are used to improve the anchoring of trees, eliminate diseases, and reduce the natural mature size of the tree itself. While there are many different types of rootstock, they are all labeled as being either Dwarf, Semi-Dwarf, or Standard.
The apple descriptions, including flowering, pollination, and apple characteristics are the same whether the plant is grown on a standard rootstock or some varying dwarfing rootstock. The overall size can vary by climate and soil but the understock used is ultimately what affects the mature size.
There will be some variation in sizes but as a guide, we are suggesting the overall mature size of these apple varieties are:
Remember that all fruit tree sizes can easily be altered if needed by simple pruning as the trees grow and develop.
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|Sprinter Pot||Equal to||.63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Ranges from||.31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume|
|6" Container||Equal to||1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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As apples go, Winesap traces itself back in American history to the early 1800. This was back in the days when apples were consumed more as cider, rather than eating fresh from the tree. The first notations of the Winesap are from the well-known Dr. James Mease in 1804, the man who is also credited with introducing Soy into the United States.
During this time before water sanitation, drinking water was often not healthy and could lead to death. Fermented Apple Cider purified common water-borne diseases and was the preferred beverage to avoid the sicknesses associated with drinking water.
Dr. Mease recommended the Winesap as a fine choice for cider in his 1804 tome, Willich's Domestic Encyclopedia of Philadelphia, saying "WINE-SOP is an autumn fruit, of deep red colour, and sweet, sprightly taste, makes excellent cyder, which is preferred by some to that of Red Streak." A copy of this book was given to Thomas Jefferson.
The variety was also praised for its great storage life up to 6 months, good size, disease resistance and great eating quality. Its popularity grew into the 1800's as one of the finest apples for hard and sweet cider.
With all the wonderful attributes, the Winesap also became a popular variety for cross hybridization. Many popular varieties of the 1800's would come with Winesap as its parent. Most noted were two varieties still popular today: the Arkansas Black and the Stayman-Winesap.
In 1866, Dr J Stayman of Leavenworth, Kansas planted out several of his Winesap Seedlings and sent selections to different nurseries in 1868. One of the selections that was sent to Charles Downing first produced fruit in 1875. It was determined to be a very special selection and Downing promptly named it in honor of Stayman.
The Stayman-Winesap became a popular apple around 1890 and was touted as an all-around superior choice to the parent Winesap in all regards. Stayman-Winesap is highly regarded for its vigorous growth of both root and top. It boasts large and luxuriant foliage and produces a continual fruit crop of excellent size and flavor. Stayman-Winesap continued to be one of the most popular varieties planted from the East Coast into the Midwest until the early 1960's.
|Botanical Name||Malus 'Winesap'|
|Mature Height||Semi-Dwarf Height: 12 - 18 feet | Standard Height: 18 - 25 feet|
|Mature Spread||Semi-Dwarf Spread: 10 - 15 feet | Standard Spread: 15 - 18 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|
|Soil Type||Widely Adaptable|
|Moisture||Low Once Established|
|Harvest Time||Early Season|
|Fruiting Time||3 - 5 years|
|When To Prune||When Dormant|