Winesap Apple Tree
One of the Juciest Apples You'll Ever Enjoy!
The Winesap apple is an old apple variety whose history dates from the 1700s, but further developed in the 1800s'. It is still one of the leading strains being grown in the US.
Also knowns a StaymanWinesap, these apples are good for eating, juice, and baking. It is considered on of the juciest apples and this all-purpose apple has good keeping qualities. The red blooms in early spring are stunning.
The fruit is good sized. The flesh is very juicy and tart yellow and tinged with red and russet dots, sometimes red veins run through it. It is a firm, rather coarse, moderately crisp apple with a sprightly, medium acid, tart taste. It is disease resistant.
Winesap apple pollination: Suggested pollinators are Red or Golden Delicious, Fuji and Gala.
It can be kept in cold storage for up to 3 months.
- Yellow Fruit with a Red Blush
- Small, Tart, Crisp Taste
- Red Blooms in Spring
Buying Options for Plants
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
- Popular sizes of select trees are 1 foot, 2 feet, 3 feet, etc.
- Popular sizes of select bare root plants is 1 foot, 18 inches, etc.
Nature Hills Container Size by Volume
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.655 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|3.5" Container||Equal to||.67 dry quart / .74 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Equal to||.87 dry quart / .96 dry liter in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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Very Long Tradition as an Excellent Cider Apple
As apples go, Winesap traces itself back in American history to the early 1800. This was back in the days when apples were consumed more as cider, rather than eating fresh from the tree. The first notations of the Winesap are from the well-known Dr. James Mease in 1804, the man who is also credited with introducing Soy into the United States.
During this time before water sanitation, drinking water was often not healthy and could lead to death. Fermented Apple Cider purified common water-borne diseases and was the preferred beverage to avoid the sicknesses associated with drinking water.
Dr. Mease recommended the Winesap as a fine choice for cider in his 1804 tome, Willich's Domestic Encyclopedia of Philadelphia, saying "WINE-SOP is an autumn fruit, of deep red colour, and sweet, sprightly taste, makes excellent cyder, which is preferred by some to that of Red Streak." A copy of this book was given to Thomas Jefferson.
The variety was also praised for its great storage life up to 6 months, good size, disease resistance and great eating quality. Its popularity grew into the 1800's as one of the finest apples for hard and sweet cider.
With all the wonderful attributes, the Winesap also became a popular variety for cross hybridization. Many popular varieties of the 1800's would come with Winesap as its parent. Most noted were two varieties still popular today: the Arkansas Black and the Stayman-Winesap.
In 1866, Dr J Stayman of Leavenworth, Kansas planted out several of his Winesap Seedlings and sent selections to different nurseries in 1868. One of the selections that was sent to Charles Downing first produced fruit in 1875. It was determined to be a very special selection and Downing promptly named it in honor of Stayman.
The Stayman-Winesap became a popular apple around 1890 and was touted as an all-around superior choice to the parent Winesap in all regards. Stayman-Winesap is highly regarded for its vigorous growth of both root and top. It boasts large and luxuriant foliage and produces a continual fruit crop of excellent size and flavor. Stayman-Winesap continued to be one of the most popular varieties planted from the East Coast into the Midwest until the early 1960's.
|Botanical Name||Malus 'Winesap'|
|Mature Height||Semi-Dwarf: 15 - 20 feet|
|Soil Type||Dry, Sandy|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|
|Fruiting Time||3 - 5 years|