The Gravenstein Apple originated in Denmark in the early 1600s, where it is called a native and is proclaimed as the "National Apple". This wonderful fruit was so admired that it was brought to the United States with Russian settlers in the early 1800s, with orchards being established at Fort Ross, California.
The Gravenstein Apple Tree (Malus 'Gravenstein') was immediately recognized as a uniquely superior fruit with its adaptability, many usages and wonderful flavor.
Pink buds open to fragrant white blooms, followed by firm, snappy, light-green fruit, with red stripes. Carrying a wonderfully distinctive flavor, the white flesh is tangy and sweet with hints of a honey aroma.
The large size and heavy yield make this a fantastic orchard tree should you have the room. Prune smaller for home gardens, these are fantastic heirloom showpieces!
Gravenstein Apple has an excellent sweet-tart flavor and is famous for making the finest apple juice and ciders, pies and apple sauces.
Wonderful as dried fruit as well, the Gravenstein do not have a long shelf life.
The Gravenstein is also prized as an excellent apple sauce and is a favorite for cooking and baking. Of course, fresh off the tree is still the finest way to enjoy the Gravenstein apple.
Not known for being a good shipper or keeper, these are for immediate use only in your favorite recipes.
Home orchards and larger landscapes are perfect for these good-sized ornamental trees. The white blooms are lovely shading your vegetable garden or patio.
It's widely adapted to many climates and is known to produce in the colder zones. The adaptability extends into common apple-growing regions of growing zones 2 - 9, where it is primarily grown by farmers market growers and home gardeners.
Grow Gravenstein in full sun is required for apple trees and well-drained soils. Preferring well-drained soil that is moderately enriched. Mulch to insulate the roots and retain more moisture.
The Gravenstein Apple can be an alternate bearer and thinning your fruit to a fist length between each fruit should be an important part of your fruit tree maintenance. Thinning is a requirement with most all fruit but is particularly important with Gravenstein to avoid a shy cropping year.
One of the earlier ripening varieties, the Gravenstein should be included with a mid-season variety and requires a suitable pollinator.
Get antique flavor, a touch of the old world, and wide adaptability with the Gravenstein Apple Tree from NatureHills.com today!
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|Sprinter Pot||Equal to||.63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Ranges from||.31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume|
|6" Container||Equal to||1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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This proprietary eCommerce software prevents the shipment of a restricted plant to each state. The Plant Sentry system includes a shipment certification program. The Plant Sentry Compliance Officer works closely with NatureHills.com and each nursery or fulfillment center to ensure only compliant plants are sold to customers.
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The Gravenstein apple was discovered in Denmark in the 1600's and named Grasten, meaning Graystone. In the United States, the Gravenstein owes part of its popularity to the Russians early occupation of the California Sonoma Coast, who left the seed for what would become the mainstay of Sonoma County, the Gravenstein Apple.
In the late 1700's the Russian Fur traders had begun to settle in Alaska, but found the climate was not conducive to growing crops they were used to growing. Looking for a better location to continue to hunt and farm crops to supply the fur trappers along the coast, a site along the Sonoma coast was settled in 1811 and Fort Ross was erected.
This did not turn out well for the Russians, as the climate of the coast was heavy in summer fog and very few of the crops were successful. The one food crop that was successive were the Gravenstein Apples they had planted. Unsuccessful farming resulted in a brief stay and by 1841, the Russians sold out to John Sutter, who gutted the fort to build his fort in Sacramento. In 8 years, it would become the center of the California Gold rush.
The Gravenstein apple orchards left at Fort Ross were not well cared for, but the plants were ideally suited to the climate of the coast and survived well. It appears that cutting wood was taken from the trees regularly and the Gravenstein apple began to appear throughout Sonoma County during the mid-1800's.
Luther Burbank, the famous plant breeder of Sonoma County, was a particular fan of the Gravenstein. In 1883, a young farmer Nathaniel Griffith, interested in growing apples, asked the advice of Luther Burbank on what apple varieties he would recommend. Burbank recommends he plant his 78 acres in Gravenstein Apples. This began a very successful business for Mr. Griffith with demand for his apples quickly coming from as far away as southern California. By the early 1900's, more than 10,000 plus acres are planted in Sonoma county.
In the years to come, Gravenstein would become one of the most popular early season apples, but this would not last. The Gravenstein Apple had two failings: one was its varied set from light to heavy, year to year, and second was its short shelf-life. The Gravenstein was not a keeper-shipper.
The more modern apples hybridized for shipping and storage, along with the more profitable grape-growing for the wine industry, would see the demise of the Gravenstein apple industry in Sonoma beginning in the late 1970's. Today, there are less than 700 acres still in production.
Still famous for its pies, fresh eating, juicing, and sauces, along with its wide range of adaptability, the Gravenstein Apple remains one of the most popular of the home garden variety planted today.
|Botanical Name||Malus 'Gravenstein'|
|Mature Height||15 -18 feet|
|Mature Spread||12-15 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|
|Soil Type||Widely Adaptable|
|Moisture||Low Once Established|
|Harvest Time||Early Season|
|Fruiting Time||3 - 5 Years|
|When To Prune||When Dormant|