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Violette de Bordeaux Fig Overview
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Violette de Bordeaux Fig Tree

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Pick Sweet Fresh Figs Twice a Year

The Violette de Bordeaux Fig Tree (Ficus carica) is also known as the Negronne Fig. Violette de Bordeaux is considered by experts as one of the best figs because it has an irresistible fragrance and a fantastic sweet, rich flavor. 

It produces small to medium size blackish-purple fruit with the darkest strawberry red flesh of any fig. Violette de Bordeaux is considered the finest tasting of all figs and can be enjoyed fresh or dried. One of the biggest bonuses of this very heavy fruit tree is that it can give you two crops of juicy figs a year.

The Violet de Bordeaux is a natural dwarf tree that grows 6-10 feet tall. Its size makes it perfect as an accent tree for a small space. It is by far one of the first choices for those desiring to grow in a container for your patio or deck. Violette de Bordeaux will thrive in extreme heat, humidity, and drought, and the tree is has very good resistance to pests and disease.

You and your family will love the Violette de Bordeaux and this variety’s endless possibilities. Eat fresh picked right off the tree or spread ripe fruit on toast for a fast and healthy breakfast. Some say it is the best jam they’ve ever had.

For a mouthwatering dinner, impress your friends and family by wrapping fish in fig leaves instead of foil for cooking. This will keep the fish juicy and give it a delicious coconut flavor. 

We take pride in delivering you the highest quality trees. Our family of fig tree growers has been in business since 1938. This means you get superior trees that have been grown and selected from almost 75 years of experience.

Order your Violette de Bordeaux Fig tree soon. This low maintenance, hardy variety will not last long.

* Self Fruiting
* Low maintenance and hardy
* Deer and Pest resistant
* Natural Dwarfing (great for containers)

Referred to as the “Finest of all Figs”

The Violette de Bordeaux has been referenced as far back as 1692. Confusingly, it's had at least 10 different names since the 1700's, and is now also known as the Negronne Fig. No matter what it's called, and even though it's origin is shrouded in a bit of mystery, this beloved variety continues to be hailed as the finest fig of them all.

In his renowned tome published in 1955 called Fig Varieties: A Monograph, Ira Hilgardia cites Garidel, a Frenchman writing in 1715 as saying, that "the Negronne was found in nearly every vineyard in Aix, in Southern France." And indeed, many citations of the Negronne Fig can be found throughout Southern part of France by the late 1800's. References also begin to appear in the United States in the early 1900's.

Unlike most fruit introductions in the United States back then, the Violette de Bordeaux wasn't officially launched. Instead, it simply started to appear. Negronne first came to nurseries in Niles, Chico and Fresno, California as a part of the Chiswick Collection in the early 1900's. This was soon identified as being the same variety as the Violette de Bordeaux obtained from the collection of Leroy Nickel in 1921.

As the variety became more in demand, the fact that these older examples existed also became known, even though none of these early introductions were ever tested at the California Experiment Stations. Under many different names or not identified at all, the Violette de Bordeaux had found its way to Santa Barbara where a long-established tree was discovered in 1932. An older, highly productive tree was also found in Texas - although it's fruit was frankly a bit insipid.

As a smaller, vigorous tree - half the size of other fig types - Violette de Bordeaux had broad appeal. It sets 2 crops in most areas. The fruit from old wood in the first crop of the season (called the Breba crop), is of the highest quality. The second crop is also very high quality but does require consistent heat through September and October to ripen completely.

Violette de Bordeaux is adapted to the coastal climates where is produces well, if given full sun. Very tolerant of humidity, with a "closed eye", it's a good choice for some Texas climates as well as the Southern Seaboard where it stays warm and sunny into early fall. This is a good variety into Zone 8 but does require protection in Zone 7. Violette de Bordeaux is a great fig variety for container growing. Enjoy your piece of living history!


Violette de Bordeaux Fig Tree Is Suited to Grow in Zones 5-10
Growing Zones 5-10
More Information
Brand Nature Hills Nursery
Botanical Name Ficus carica 'Violette de Bordeaux'
Foliage Green
Mature Height 6 - 10 feet
Mature Spread 4 - 5 feet
Soil Type Well-Drained
Moisture Keep Moist
Sun Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth Rate Medium