Attractive Shrub with Edible Nuts
The Hazelnut is a lovely shrub that will provide edible nuts in the fall and be a friend to wildlife year-round.
The Hazelnut is a remarkable plant. It can grow almost anywhere and achieve its mature size in no time at all. They are best renewal pruned by removing the oldest, fattest stems right down to the ground every few years, allowing the younger thinner stems to remain. This method allows this native to attain its natural form and is best for nut production.
Corylus americana (or Hazelnut) is an excellent, larger, native shrub which can be used in more naturalized areas for windbreaks or the perfect screening plant. Although they have both male and female flowers on the same plant, it seems best to plant a group of three or more for best pollination and plenty to harvest. A classic addition to your edible landscape for you, and for the wildlife they attract to your yard.
In the spring, 3-inch clusters of male catkins appear, their yellow-brown tassels gently swaying in the warm breeze. If you look closely you’ll discover the female flower. It’s a tiny purple surprise hidden among the branches. Although American Hazelnuts have male and female flowers on each plant, to insure good pollination it is always best to plant more than one plant. Dark green, heart-shaped, 3-6-inch serrated leaves will soon fill out your Hazelnut for summer.
When fall arrives, your Hazelnut colors will vary, from oranges and yellows to the color of a deep red wine. In late summer/early fall you’ll notice actual Hazelnuts (also called filberts). Clusters of ½ inch green leafy capsules will appear throughout the bush, eventually turning brown. When ripe, gently pop off the brown husk and you’re ready for a treat.
Raw or roasted, the Hazelnut is an outstanding nut. It’s sweet in flavor and although having a variety of uses, is often used in desserts. It’s rich in fiber, vitamins and minerals with the added benefit of being gluten-free for those who are sensitive. The oil is often used in medications and in aromatherapy.
For a hardy shrub with a variety of appeal, you can’t go wrong with a Hazelnut.
* Attractive native shrub
* Perfect for shelter belts or screening
* Edible nuts
* Attracts wildlife
* Fast Growing
|Brand||Nature Hills Nursery|
|Botanical Name||Corylus americana|
|Mature Height||8 - 15 feet|
|Mature Spread||8 - 15 feet|
|Soil Type||Sandy, Clay, Loam|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun, Partial Sun|