Arbequina Olive Tree
Fast-Growing, Hardy Olive Tree
Arbequina is a fast-growing olive tree that produces delicious fruit and oil. Plant one near your patio or porch so you won't miss a moment of this exceptional tree's harvest. These also do well in containers and adjust easily from outdoor to indoor for winter.
Your Arbequina is great tree for the home gardener due to its small stature, hardy nature and excellent harvest. This cold-hardy tree produces a small olive, but it has a lot of flesh and very small pit. It's considered a high quality olive and also produces good oil.
The fruit begins green and transitions to purple, then finally to black for its prolific harvest in late November.
Arbequina will flower at an early age, and although the petite, creamy-white blooms are mostly hidden by the dark green leaves, you're sure to enjoy their fragrance.
It's self-fertile, but a good pollinator if you want to plant more than one cultivar. Arbequina is adaptable to a variety of conditions, even doing well in poor soils or drought. It's even amenable to pruning if you decide to shape it a bit.
Since ancient times, the olive tree has been prized for its fruit, wood, oil and the overall health benefits it provides. Arbequina is a perfect example of how much one of these remarkable trees has to offer and how easy they can be to grow. These are so popular, please make your selection now.
- High quality fruit and oil
- Fast growing
- Prolific harvest
- Cold hardy
- Highly adaptable
The First in Class Olive
It took some time for the Arbequina Olive to become a world-renowned olive from its obscure beginnings in a small village of Arbeca, in the region of the Les Garrigues in Spanish Catalonia.
Olive are native to the Mediterranean coast, where they grow wild. As far back as 61,000 years ago evidence of the modern-day olive (Olea europea) has been discovered being used as firewood. Although, some reports from Israel have possible evidence from as far back as 1 million years, with cultivation beginning around 7100-6300 BC.
The Arbequina, though known and appreciated, stayed primarily grown in Catalonia, Aragon and Andalusia Spain for hundreds of years until it was introduced to Europe by the Duke of Medinaceli in the 17th century.
Gradually, its low vigor (meaning less pruning), high productivity, wide range of adaptability and fine quality oil, got noticed by other olive growing regions of the world. By the turn of the 20th century, olive growing regions like California, Argentina, Chile and Australia were all growing the Arbequina Olive.
The practice of high and super high-density planting and pruning of olives came into fashion in the mid-1980's. Plantings went from the standard 100 - 340 trees to the acre to 250 - 840 trees to the acre. Then in 1994, Mr. Jose M Ferrer of the Valonga Plantation in Binefar in Huesca, Aragon Spain; on the advice of his tree supplier, Agromillora Nursery of Catalonia Spain, planted the first super high-density planting. This consisted of trees being planted 670 - 1210 trees per acre.
Along with this, Agromillora Nursery also recommended a group of highly productive, high quality, upright, almost columnar growing varieties. These varieties were the Arbequina, the Arbosana and the Koroneki.
Because of the high rate of return on the farmers initial investment and the popularity surge in the demand for olive oil, the high and super high-density systems became the preferred systems. The result was the Arbeguina Olive, with its super high-quality oil, became one of the most widely planted olives in the world.
At the same time the home garden nursery industry saw the same attributes being a perfect match for the home-grown olive. The Arbequina has become the #1 home garden variety grown today.
|Brand||Nature Hills Nursery|
|Botanical Name||Olea europaea 'Arbequina'|
|Mature Height||12 - 15 Feet|
|Mature Spread||15 - 20 Feet|
|Soil Type||Well Drained|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun|