Got Hydrangeas? You need to learn how to preserve those gorgeous blooms to bring indoors for years of enjoyment and crafts, or for outdoor décor! The big blooms of these deciduous shrubs, especially the flouncy mophead varieties!
Crafts, fresh and dried bouquets, wreaths, and indoor/outdoor décor galore, the Hydrangea is an absolutely gorgeous bloom that lights up fresh and dried arrangements, enhances interiors, and melds with all kinds of styles!
For the most colorful, fluffy, and romantic-looking dried Hydrangeas, harvest your blooms in late summer or early fall when they are at peak color - but before a frost. Or let these blooms dry naturally on the shrub until they are a lovely botanical tan or sun-bleached bone color. Depending on your climate and the type of Hydrangea you have, you can enjoy a wide range of colors. Bigleaf and Panicle Hydrangeas work the best.
Cut the stems a few leaf nodes down depending on how long a stem you need for your project. Timing is very important so you don’t end up with wilted blooms. Freshly opened or young blooms have too much moisture content and will not do well being dried, so wait until the blooms are older and therefore hold up better. After a bit of trial and error, you’ll find out when the best time to harvest your Hydrangeas based on your climate and weather conditions.
Choose a day after fine weather, when there hasn’t been any rain recently, and let the blooms dry off the morning dew before harvesting. This protects against developing mold and mildew during the drying process.
Give your flowers a firm shake to evict any insects still hiding in the blooms and remove all of the leaves. Immediately get the fresh cut stems into a bucket of water because Hydrangeas wilt fast!
For these fresher blooms, you need to dry them fast in a silica gel or borax-style desiccant. Make sure every nook and cranny between each floret is immersed in the product. You may need to have a deep jar or plastic container to accommodate the stem as well. Use chopsticks or a slender spoon to poke and prod the product gently into all the areas while keeping the petals from becoming crumpled. Dry according to the product's package directions. After the allotted time, gently shake the product free and display your blooms!
While it seems counterproductive to dry flowers while they are in water, you enjoy a deeper and longer-lasting color. Enjoy your blooms while they are fresh and dry them at the same time! Place fresh trimmed blooms, free of all leaves, in a clean vase of clean water that covers several inches of stem. Many find either gently mashing the bottom couple of inches of stem - or - cutting the stem into quarters lengthwise a couple of inches up from the bottom, helps with water intake.
Bunch the stems loosely so they have proper air circulation to help with the drying process. This method preserves a lot of colors. Clean the water daily and give the stems a fresh 45° angled snip each day too so they continue to take up water.
Optional: You can tint the water with food coloring to slightly alter the color of the blooms.
After snipping your blooms in the late summer or fall, removing stems, hang them in a well-ventilated area upside down. The largest blooms need to be hung individually, while smaller blooms need to be loosely arranged so they have good air circulation. Stagger the stems so they are hanging at different lengths and not pressed against each other. Your blooms are ready to use when they are stiff and snap easily.
Can’t bear to remove a single bloom from your shrub all summer and fall? Leave them on for fall and winter interest and let the blooms dry on their own. It will eventually be time to prune your shrub, and then you can scoop up the armloads of blooms. Creating a very vintage and antique look, the open air creates a lovely array of subtle hues and tans. Snip the stems at an angle and remove the lower leaves. Harvest on a day when it hasn’t rained and the blooms are dried off any morning dew to prevent mold and mildew.
Just like preserving freshly colored fall leaves, you can soak your Hydrangea blooms in glycerine to preserve them and their color wonderfully! You can find glycerine in most drug stores and craft stores. Glycerine-preserved Hydrangeas are not as dry and crispy as air or vase dried. But still need protection from drafts, the sun, and being bumped into.
Once matured and somewhat older on the shrub, snip as above and remove most of the leaves. Remove any hitchhikers and plunge the fresh cut ends into a bucket of water so they don’t wilt. Choose stems between 1-2 feet long and split or pound the cut ends until they are frayed but not mush. This helps open the stem for better absorption of glycerine.
Optional: You can tint the water/glycerine with some food coloring to alter the color of the blooms.
While there is not much you can do to protect dried Hydrangea blooms from the elements when you’ve added them to outdoor containers or a wreath hanging on your home, indoors is another story. Once dry completely, you are good to go. Optionally, you can spray the blooms with a couple of coats of dried flower protectant or good old-fashioned hairspray. This helps keep the color better and holds the dried blooms together longer. For a light color change (or drastic!) lightly mist or coat with spray paint for color and to further help the florets hold together.
Head out this weekend and try your hand at preserving Hydrangea flowers - either fresh or dried - for your home and outdoor planter décor this year! You’ll love bringing your garden indoors for the winter and feeling crafty as the short days and cooling weather chases you inside!