About Hazelnut Trees
Part of the birch family Betulaceae, the hazelnut falls into the genus Corylus, which comprises many species of deciduous trees. They grow wild throughout the temperate regions of North America, Europe and Central Asia, and several species are cultivated specifically for their fruit, which is known commonly as a hazelnut or a filbert. Both humans and a range of wildlife enjoy these nuts for their mild, slightly sweet flavor. The nuts are nutrient dense, and various cultures use hazel branches for making traditional baskets, thatched fencing and other practical items.
Four Seasons of Visual Interest
In spring, long yellowish male catkins and tiny red female flowers may appear on the same tree, as they do on the Turkish Hazel, though many hazel trees are not self-pollinating. Summer brings a dense canopy of broad, dark green, oval leaves with a handsome serrated edge. Clusters of brown, thick-shelled fruit emerge through the fall alongside vibrant yellow foliage, and corky bark adds interest to the winter landscape.
How & Where to Plant Hazel Trees
Hazelnut trees prefer at least six hours of direct sunlight every day and well-drained soil. Once established, these trees are cold hardy, drought resistant and relatively maintenance free. Plant one as a lone shade tree in an open yard or line them along your property’s edge as natural fencing. Group them in island beds, underplant with shade-loving perennials or pair them Chickasaw plum trees for a naturalized edible landscape.
About Nature Hills
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