Even if you think that you've never heard of the beautiful California native shrub Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia), you have. Maybe you actually haven't heard the name Toyon, but you are very familiar with the industry named after it.
The story goes that in the late 1800's H.J. Whitley named a new neighborhood he was building in the Los Angeles area from the nearby Holly Canyon, which was named for the Toyon plant and its holly-like winter berries. The new neighborhood's name? Hollywoodland. A decade later, in 1911, the first Hollywood studio opened and an American industry was born.
Ralph Cornell, a pioneering Landscape Architect in California wrote this about Toyon in his book Conspicuous California Plants in 1938, "Any plant that encourages bird life, supplies the bees with an unexcelled source of honey, gives food to man, furnishes tannin from its bark, protects arid slopes from erosion, paints the landscape with vivid colors and carries joy into the home at Christmas time, when no other berries are available to most Californians, surely deserves the protection of man, whom it serves so well."
Toyon (also known as California Holly and Christmas Berry) is a California native evergreen shrub that grow into a dense 10 feet tall and 8 feet wide drought-resistant shrub. It can be pruned into a small tree or sheared into a semi-formal hedge.
Covered in leathery leaves all year, it blooms pretty, but unspectacular, white flowers in summer. In the winter, though, when other plants are sleeping, Toyon is covered in vibrant - and we mean vibrant - red berries. If you can get to them before the birds do they make beautiful and rustic Christmas decorations.
If you live on the West Coast, Toyon is a great addition to your landscape. We agree with Cornell - Toyon 'surely deserves' to be in your garden. Order yours today!
Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Plants are offered in both potted containers and as dormant bare root without soil. Here is a helpful resource to understand your options as you create a beautiful landscape with help from Nature Hills.
Ever wonder what a larger plant will mean for your landscape? Container Sizes are really all about the age of the plant!
Seasonally, Nature Hills offers hand selected, high quality bare root trees, shrubs and perennials. Bare root plants are sold by height from the top of the root system to the top of the plant. Plants may be taller than the height minimums.
|Young Plants to 18 Months|
|2"x2"x3"||Ranges from||.18 to .21 dry quarts / .198 to .23 dry liters in volume|
|4.5" Container||Equal to||.65 dry quart / .72 dry liter in volume|
|Sprinter Pot||Equal to||.63 dry quart / .69 dry liter in volume|
|4" Container||Ranges from||.31 to .87 / .35 to .96 dry liter in volume|
|6" Container||Equal to||1.4 dry quarts / 1.59 dry liters in volume|
|1 Quart||Equal to||1 dry quart / 1.1 dry liter in volume|
|5.5" Container||Equal to||1.89 of a dry quart / 2.08 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x5"||Ranges from||.8 to 1.1 dry quarts / .88 to 1.2 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x6"||Ranges from||1.0 to 1.3 dry quarts / 1.1 to 1.41 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x9"||Ranges from||1.1 to 2.1 dry quarts / 1.2 to 2.3 dry liters in volume|
|4"x4"x10"||Ranges from||1.7 to 2.3 dry quart / 1.87 to 2.53 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 18 Months - 2.5 Years Old|
|2 Quart||Equal to||2 dry quarts / 2.2 dry liters in volume|
|#1 Container||Ranges from||2.26 to 3.73 dry quarts / 2.49 to 4.11 dry liters in volume|
|5"x5"x12"||Equal to||3.5 to 4.3 dry quarts / 3.85 to 4.74 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 2 - 4 Years Old|
|#2 Container||Ranges from||1.19 to 1.76 dry gallons / 5.24 to 7.75 dry liters in volume|
|#3 Container||Ranges from||2.32 to 2.76 dry gallons / 10.22 to 12.16 dry liters in volume|
|Plants 3 - 5 Years Old|
|#5 Container||Ranges from||2.92 to 4.62 dry gallons / 12.86 to 20.35 dry liters in volume|
|#7 Container||Ranges from||5.98 to 6.08 dry gallons / 26.34 to 26.78 dry liters in volume|
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This proprietary eCommerce software prevents the shipment of a restricted plant to each state. The Plant Sentry system includes a shipment certification program. The Plant Sentry Compliance Officer works closely with NatureHills.com and each nursery or fulfillment center to ensure only compliant plants are sold to customers.
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To obtain a more accurate shipment time-frame, simply enter your zip code in the “Find Your Growing Zone” box to the right. Our plants are grown all over the country and lead time on items may be different because of this. Once your order is placed, you will also receive the specific shipment time-frame information as part of your order confirmation. Once an item ships, you will receive shipment notification and tracking numbers, so you can follow along while your plant travels to your doorstep. We use FedEx, UPS, or USPS at our discretion.
At Nature Hills we handle, package and ship the products you order with the utmost care to ensure healthy delivery. Shipping and handling charges are calculated based on the tables below. Please note that some items include an additional handling surcharge, these will be noted on the item's product page.
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Heteromeles arbutifolia, also known by the common name Toyon, California Holly or the Christmas berry, it is native from Baja, California all the way up into Oregon. It's commonly believed that the name Hollywood was derived from the nearby Holly Canyon, which was named after the Heteromeles that grew there.
Introduced as a landscape plant in the early 1900's, Toyon is credited to Theodore Payne who came to California from England in 1893. Payne, along with his business partner, Ralph Cornell were early promoters of California native plants and greatly appreciated the value of the Heteromeles arbutifolia.
The beautiful fall and winter, bright-red berry display is without comparison. The berries were a food source for the native Indians and later to the early settlers, who would make wine out of the fruit. The berries were so popular as Christmas décor that in the 1920's, California passed a law restricting the collection of berries from anywhere but personally owned plants.
A great plant for erosion control and soil stabilization, this plant requires no summer water once established, but it can tolerate some summer irrigation in good draining soils. The Heteromeles attracts a wide range of birds and insects, so it is recommended as a border plant for organic gardens and landscape plantings.
Toyon is considered a very low water user and is recognized by the California Department of Water Resources, Water Use Classification of Landscape Species (WUCOLS) list and once established, it requires no additional water. This plant is recommended for all drought tolerant and xeriscape landscapes.
Heteromeles arbutifolia is found on most fire-resistant landscape lists. As a foundation planting, it should be at least 10 feet from the house and never planted under taller trees This plant is recommended for all defensible space plantings as an addition to fire-safe landscaping.
|Brand||Nature Hills' Choice|
|Botanical Name||Heteromeles arbutifolia|
|Mature Height||8 - 10 feet|
|Mature Spread||6 - 8 feet|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun, Partial Shade|
|Soil||Well Drained Soil|
|Moisture||Medium to Low Moisture|
|Fruiting Time||Red Fruit in the Fall and Winter|