Lemon trees are botanically known as “Citrus limon” and they are a small, evergreen tree. Lemon is the leading acid citrus fruit because of its color, odor, flavor, and many uses. The lemon tree was likely introduced into southern Italy by 200 AD. Christopher Columbus carried lemon seeds to Hispaniola in 1493. The Spaniards may have introduced the lemon to Florida. Presently, Florida, California, and Arizona are the leading producers of lemons in the United States.
Lemon is one of the most alkaline foods. Lemons are an excellent source of vitamin C and potassium. Lemons are very low in fats, cholesterol, and sodium. Lemons main use is lemon juice which is 5% citric. Lemon pulp and the rinds are used in cooking and in marinades. Lemon juice marinades are helpful for tenderizing meat. Just soak the meat until it is soft and tender. The lemon juice will also add a nice taste to the prepare meat dish.
Lemon trees need to placed in a sunny, well drained location and be kept away from all frosts and freezes. Lemons like fertile soil with plenty of organic matter and they prefer as slightly acidic to neutral pH. Temperatures below 32 degrees will damage or kill the tree. If the tree has to remain outside, wrap it in a blanket. If the tree is in a container, move the tree inside during cold weather. Lemon trees need watering once a week rather than a small amount every day. Regular moisture is a must.