Black Willow

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The Black Willow tree, Salix nigra, is a small, sometimes shrub-like, to large, short-lived, deciduous tree.  It is fast growing and may reach maturity within 30 years.  This tree often has multiple trunks, with many branches coming from each.

Other names sometimes used are swamp willow, Goodding willow, Southwestern black willow, Dudley willow, and Sauz (Spanish).   Black Willow flowers are called catkins and are yellow.  Its fruit is a small capsule, turning reddish-brown, and it contains tiny, hairy green seeds.

This tree usually obtains a height of about 50 feet.  The massive trunks are generally leaning and are often divided. The bark is thick and deeply divided into furrows separating thick, scaly ridges.

This deciduous tree has a crown that is broad and open with stout branches.  Black Willow trees have twigs that are slender and easily detached.  Leaf blades are variable in size, the larger to 4.7 inches long.

Black willow roots are shallow and laterally extensive making them an excellent choice for stream banks and wet locations!

* Food and shelter for wildlife

* Yellow catkins

* Fast growing


Black Willow Is Suited to Grow in Zones 4-8
Growing Zones 4-8
More Information
Brand Nature Hills Nursery
Botanical Name Salix nigra
Foliage Green
Mature Height 25 - 40 feet
Mature Spread 15 - 25 feet
Soil Type Widely Adaptable
Sun Exposure Full Sun, Partial Sun
Growth Rate Fast
Flower Color Yellow, Green