The Bitternut Hickory, Carya cordiformis, is also known as the Yellow-bud Hickory tree. Other common names are Swamp Hickory and Pignut Hickory. The yellow bud makes it difficult to mistake for another species and combined with the alternate compound leaves and relatively large nuts, it is very distinctive.
The nuts are reported to be bitter, as one of the common names suggests. The lighter colored shallow cracks in the younger bark are roughly similar to those of young Shagbark Hickory, but the mature bark of Yellow-bud Hickory does not split so deeply.
This deciduous tree is found on moist, fertile soils in the east and central U.S. and is intolerant of shade. Bitternut Hickory trees are known for their hard wood. The wood is used for pulpwood and furniture.
This deciduous species displays a leaf color of medium green to dark green. The fall color is often green to chartreuse, but sometimes is a brilliant golden-yellow in excellent seasons. It is a fast growing, adaptable tree. This hickory is self-pollinating.
|Mature Height||50 - 70 feet|
|Mature Spread||30 - 50 feet|
|Mature Form||Irregular Upright|
|Sun Exposure||Full Sun - Partial Sun|
|Flower Color||Not Showy|