The Buckeye tree in the United States belongs to the horse chestnut family and includes species like the Ohio buckeye, the Yellow buckeye and the California buckeye. It is a deciduous tree native to the central and Great Plains regions of the United States. It is one of the first trees to leaf in the spring and drops its leaves early in the fall. It is so named because the seeds of the tree look similar to the eye of a buck, or male deer.
Considered a medium sized tree, the Ohio buckeye grows to a height of 40-60 feet with a diameter of 2-3 feet. The yellow buckeye can be 50-70 feet tall, but smaller species of buckeyes that strain to attain 30 feet in height include the Red buckeye and the Painted buckeye. The buckeye produces flowers which appear on branched clusters in the spring. Being very adaptable to its environment, this tree thrives in conditions not suitable for other trees, and is hard to kill once it is established. Most buckeyes prefer full sun to partial shade.