Birch Trees are generally small to medium-size trees that grow between 40 and 50 feet in height, with the leaves turning yellow in the fall. The leaves are simple and may be toothed or pointed, and the buds form early and are full grown by midsummer. The fruit is a small samara, although the wings may be obscure in some species. The bark is characteristically marked with long horizontal lenticels, and often separates into thin papery plates. Its leaves and bark make the birch a prized tree for shade and ornamental use.
Birch Trees like light, well-drained, particularly acidic soils; good soil is crucial for a healthy tree. Applying a good layer of mulch is important because it will hold moisture and further protect the root system from excessive heat and evaporation. A fertilizer suited to birch trees is important since it will promote root development, disease resistance, and long-term soil health. The pruning of birch trees should be avoided unless absolutely necessary. The birch foliage is used as a food plant by the larvae of a large number of butterflies and moths.