Plant Care Resource Guide
Nature Hills Nursery wants to make sure that you are more than satisfied with our level of service and support. We don't want to just sell you plants, we want to make sure you know how to nurture beautiful and healthy plants. In order to allow you to do this, we have created the following sections (Please click on the section to view our useful information):
Note: Some content and images of this Plant Care Resource Guide was adapted from TreeHelp.com and their "How to Plant a Tree Section".
When to plant
There are two main planting times each year for our Nature’s Pride Potted plants and our Nature’s Pride Select plants (bare root). These times are fall and spring. Your geographic location needs to be taken in account when you plan to plant in the fall. Northern climates have a very small window of time to plant in the fall; whereas, Southern climates have a very long window of time to plant in the fall, because the ground does not freeze.
We have determined the optimum planting times for our plants in each climate zone for both Nature's Pride potted plants and Nature’s Pride Select plants (bare root).
Nature's Pride potted plants in zones 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, can be successfully planted from mid August to mid September. You can normally plant until late September in zone 6.
Nature’s Pride Select plants (bare root) cannot be dug and shipped until they become dormant. Many times dormancy does not occur until late October. Therefore, we do not attempt to ship any Nature’s Pride Select plants in the fall to zones 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
Fall planting can successfully occur in zones 7, 8, 9, and 10, from late October through mid December. Therefore both our Nature's Pride potted plant products and our bare root plants can be shipped and planted during this period.
Spring planting of all Nature's Pride potted plants and all Nature’s Pride Select plants can be successfully planted in all climatic zones. The arrival of spring in each geographic location begins in the southern climates in late February and progress north and arrives in northern climates in April and May. In southern climates, early spring planting before excessive heat arrives is most beneficial for success. In northern climates, planting after the last hard frost in the spring is advisable.
Note: Individual care, planting site, and the environment all have heavy influences on the successful growth of your plant. We suggest that any extra effort you can make, such as providing good fertility, providing drainage, mulching, root stimulators, and soil conditioners such as sphagnum moss, can lesson the shock each plant experiences in the transplanting process. Also note that some plants, such as young trees, need support to withstand winds and heavy rains. Tree staking kits and tree stakes are recommended. Many plant support products are available on our plant accessories web page.
Plant size, plant appearance, plant roots, plant width, and plant thickness will all be different and unique to the species you ordered. Root development also varies greatly between species and also in the same plant species. Each plant is unique.
Nature’s Pride Select plants (bare root) will always arrive without leaves. They are dormant. Customers who have never seen bare root plants have described them as twigs without leaves or sticks without leaves. These dormant plants are alive and viable. In late spring you may observe some budding on plants. Some species will begin to bud on their trip to your location. This is normal. Some plants, when planted in early spring, will take up to 5-6 weeks to bud or break dormancy because of cool weather or species related tendencies.
The plant roots will always arrive wrapped in a plastic bag. In the plastic bag will be a root moisturizing product called sphagnum moss or shredded cedar. The moss or shredded cedar will be placed around the root system to keep them moist. When you remove the plant from the bag the moss or shredded cedar will fall off the roots. The roots are also dipped into a moisturizing agent to assist the roots in attracting moisture from the surrounding environment. The dipping agent is Terrasorb and you may notice some tiny crystals of Terrasorb on the roots.
Nature’s Pride Potted plants will arrive, depending on time of year, either with or without leaves. Dormant plants will not have leaves. Actively growing plants will have leaves.
The plant you ordered from Nature Hills will arrive in a box or container. Our shipper of choice is United Parcel Service (UPS). When you pick up the box left by UPS, use the following checklist.
1. Check box for damage. Report damaged box to UPS. UPS customer service number:1-800-742-5877.
If you cannot plant immediately, because of inclement weather or other unforeseen reasons, you will need to store your plants in a suitable location.
Storage for Nature's Pride potted plants
Open the plastic wrapper that contains the pot. Replenish the moisture every other day until planted. Do not over water, but do not let roots dry out. Keep the plants out of extreme heat and cold. Store the plant in an area where it will receive partial shade during the day and place in an area such as a garage where it will not freeze at night.
Storage for Nature’s Pride Select plants (bare root)
Upon arrival of your bare root plants, open the plastic bag and keep the sphagnum moss moist until planting. Store all bare root plants in a cool location between 38 and 50 degrees. Keep the roots covered with moist moss. Please cover the roots, not the top of the tree. This will reduce mold. Do not allow plants to freeze or to over heat in direct sun. A satisfactory place for storing your bare root plants would be on a garage floor. Keep storage time to minimum. If you must keep bare root plants stored for over a week, dig a small trench and place the roots in the trench and cover the roots with soil. Water the soil adequately.
Carefully remove the pot from the plant. Make an effort to keep as much of the soil medium that envelops the roots intact. Place the soil and root ball a hole at the same depth it grew in the nursery. The soil level of Nature's Pride potted plant should be flush with surface of the ground. Leave a shallow depression around each plant to hold water. Water the plant thoroughly after planting to settle the soil around the roots. Do not let plant roots dry out at any time. Your plants will need regular rain or watering each week to optimize survival and healthy growth.
Keep your plantings free of weeds. Using mulch around each plant is a great way to provide a weed free environment for your plants
Planting instructions for bar root plants
Remove plastic bag from the root area. Moisturize roots thoroughly. Spraying or dipping the roots in water is recommended. Keep the roots covered and moist until the moment you place them in the soil. Never let the roots be exposed to drying winds or direct sun.
Plant at the same depth it grew in the nursery. If you look carefully you can see a small tree ring circling the trunk where the root system and trunk divide. Do not plant extra deep, just make sure the roots are covered with soil. Leave a shallow depression around each plant to hold water. Water the plant thoroughly after planting to settle the soil around the roots. Water about once a week for the first year if possible.
Keep your plantings free of weeds. Using mulch around each plant is a great way to provide a weed free environment for your plants.
All plants end up in a hole, but not any old hole will do...
The most common mistake when planting is digging a hole, which is both too deep and too narrow. Too deep and the roots don’t have access to sufficient oxygen to ensure proper growth. Too narrow and the root structure can’t expand sufficiently to nourish and properly anchor the tree or plant.
As a general rule plants should be transplanted no deeper than the soil in which they were originally grown. The width of the hole should be at least 3 times the diameter of the root ball or container or the spread of the roots. This will provide the plant with enough worked earth for its root structure to establish itself.
When digging in poorly drained clay soil, it is important to avoid ‘glazing’. Glazing occurs when the sides and bottom of a hole become smoothed forming a barrier, through which water has difficulty passing. To break up the glaze, use a fork to work the bottom and drag the points along the sides of the completed hole. Also, raise the bottom of the hole slightly higher than the surrounding area. This allows water to disperse, reducing the possibility of water pooling in the planting zone.
To plant, first build a cone of earth in the center of the hole around which to splay the roots. Dig a round hole and make a small mound of soil in the bottom of the hole. Spread the roots out in all directions, using the mound as a root support, and pull loose soil back over the roots, filling the hole half way. Lightly tamp soil down or fill with water. Then, back fill the rest of the hole, tamp soil again and re-water. Do not compact the soil by tamping wet soil. Soil compaction eliminates oxygen, which roots need to survive.
Information regarding plant care
There is a vast amount of literature available that discusses the individual differences and individual needs of plants. Our intention is to offer a basic checklist to help determine what is needed to grow and maintain a healthy plant.
Site selection: Choose a plant that will thrive in the location you desire to place it. Plants have different tolerances to soils, shade, heat, and cold.
Watering: All plants require some moisture. Providing water on a weekly basis, either in the form of rain, or supplemental watering, generally will suffice for most plants. Be aware that you can over water. When plants or trees are small, moisture must be made available in the root zone. Small plants and trees have small root zones. Moisture must be placed in an area where the roots can access the moisture.