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There are few perennials that are as easy to grow as the hosta. Hostas like rich organic soils, prefers moisture, and they like morning sun and afternoon shade. Hosta leaves are large and they transpire more moisture in lighter areas so supplemental water is important. Hostas are heavy feeders and fertilizer should be applied in early spring and again in mid-summer. Hostas are a favorite food for deer, slugs and snails. Fencing is about the only way to keep deer away but the slugs and snails can be kept at bay with common insecticides. Hostas grow best in soils with a pH range of 5.0 to 7.5.
Hostas are great plants when they are used individually or when they are mixed into a perennial or shrub border. They are used as specimens, background plants, and groundcovers. Use hostas to encircle tree trunks or as companion plants for ornamental grasses. Choices abound in size and shapes, leaf color, leaf texture, and flower color.