Ferns are an ancient plant with origins dating back to prehistoric times. There may be up to 12,000 species of ferns. Ferns are known as vascular plants. They do not have seeds or flowers as they reproduce via spores. Ferns are generally known in horticulture as landscape plants. They are also used as houseplants and cut foliage. Cut ferns are especially useful in floral arrangements. Shady landscapes or shady areas are especially good locations for ferns. Most garden or hardy ferns prefer to be protected from the sun and wind. They need a well drained location and they should be well supplied with moisture.
After a fern is established, they are relatively easy to grow. Ferns grow slowly but they are long lived. Place ferns in an area full shade or mostly shady area. Ferns prosper in rich organic soils. If the soil is average or poor, add lots of compost and organic matter. Ferns do not require lots of attention. Prune dead or damaged fronds when they appear. Ferns are perennial and in colder climates they may die back to ground level in the winter and regrow each spring.