The Elderberry bush or shrub is native to the United States and they are grown throughout the country. There are approximately 20 to 30 species of elderberries in the genus Sambucus. Elderberries have been grown for the bluish-black fruits. The fruits are used in wines, juices, jellies and jams. The elderberry is also grown for its ornamental value in the landscape. Elderberry varieties have colorful leaves and unique shapes to beautify the landscape. Elderberry bushes can tolerate different soil conditions but they do not tolerate drought conditions. Plant the elderberry bush in well drained, loamy soil.
Elderberry bushes are pest resistant and they grow quickly to make a good privacy screen. Start pruning elderberry bushes when they are 3 to 4 years old. Cut them back if the plant gets to be too large for the location. Remove dead canes and cut 1 or 2 overly thick canes each year during the winter. Remove canes that are older than 3 years. This will encourage new growth and more fruitful canes. We offer several varieties of elderberries and they are listed below.