Boxwood or Buxus is a genus of 70 species and has become a traditional standby in landscapes because it is so versatile; can be used in a wide variety of landscape applications. Boxwood shrubs are often planted in foundation plantings because of their unique growth pattern and dense foliage. These shrubs can be grown alone or with other plants to beautify any area. Landscapers often choose Boxwoods to enclose certain areas or separate one space from other. The tiny foliage, along with the dense texture, provides an excellent opportunity to shape these shrubs into beautiful forms and patterns. Generally, boxwood shrubs are used to make hedges and garden borders. The English Boxwood is one of the most popular boxwood shrubs and makes a wonderful accent plant. It can grow up to a height of 3 feet.
Boxwoods grow in full sun, but prefer partial shade, and selecting a site that fits these requirements is important. During its growing phase, the boxwood needs frequent watering; adding a layer of mulch will help retain the soil moisture and keep it cool. All dead and diseased branches should be removed. Some pruning must be done, however, to give shape and promote growth. Because of the various foliage colors and growth habits of this shrub there are many sizes and color schemes to choose from.