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American Hornbeam

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‘Caroliniana’ is a healthier eastern-states cousin from the birch family, lacking the insect and disease problems that plague the species at large. Here is a pleasing small-to-medium tree with fresh green summer foliage and a show of yellow to either orange or fire-engine red come fall.

When mature, the shape can range from rounded to a broader, elliptical form. Its biggest benefit is its surprising shade tolerance — it will thrive, even under the canopy of other trees — but will be happiest in partial shade. ‘Caroliniana’ likes wet feet (though it can tolerate a semi-dry spot) and is partial to a slightly acid-to-neutral soil pH.

If you live near a wooded area, you can count on attracting a variety of desirable game birds (wild turkey, pheasant, ruffled grouse), which will seek out the seeds and buds. Perfect as a windbreak because of its supreme resistance to splitting, and just grand-looking when planted as a grove.

Zones 4-8.


Plant Facts

Family Carpinus caroliniana
Foliage Green
Mature Height 20 - 30 feet
Mature Spread 20 - 30 feet
Soil Well Drained
Zones 4-8
Mature Form Wide Spreading
Growth Rate Slow
Sun Exposure Full Sun - Full Shade
Flower Color Inconspicuous
Fall Color Scarlet

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